[Prelims Spotlight] Pre-Columbian Chimu culture, Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, London Declaration

Here are  Back2Basics collections from today’s news items

B2B #1: From news – Archaeologists find pre-Columbian mass child sacrifice site in Peru

Pre-Columbian Chimu culture

  1. The Chimú culture was centred on Chimor with the capital city of Chan Chan, a large adobe city in the Moche Valley of present-day Trujillo, Peru.
  2. The culture arose about 900 AD, succeeding the Moche culture
  3. The Chimú people are best known for their distinctive monochromatic pottery and fine metal working of copper, gold, silver, bronze, and tumbaga (copper and gold)
  4. The pottery is often in the shape of a creature or has a human figure sitting or standing on a cuboid bottle

B2B #2: From news  : [pib] Declaration by the Government of Republic of India relating to Article II and III of the Appendix to the Paris Act (1971)

Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works

  1. The Berne Convention deals with the protection of works and the rights of their authors
  2. It is based on three basic principles and contains a series of provisions determining the minimum protection to be granted, as well as special provisions available to developing countries that want to make use of them
  3. The three basic principles are the following:(a) Works originating in one of the Contracting States (that is, works the author of which is a national of such a State or works first published in such a State) must be given the same protection in each of the other Contracting States as the latter grants to the works of its own nationals (principle of “national treatment”)(b) Protection must not be conditional upon compliance with any formality (principle of “automatic” protection)

    (c) Protection is independent of the existence of protection in the country of origin of the work (principle of “independence” of protection). If, however, a Contracting State provides for a longer term of protection than the minimum prescribed by the Convention and the work ceases to be protected in the country of origin, protection may be denied once protection in the country of origin ceases

  4. India has been the Member of Berne Convention since 28th April 1928

Here’s a Factoid to brush up your concepts

Name : London Declaration

Brief Intro : The London Declaration on Neglected Tropical Diseases is a collaborative disease eradication programme launched on 30 January 2012 in London.

Objective : It was inspired by the World Health Organization 2020 roadmap to eradicate or negate transmission for neglected tropical diseases.

Type : Declaration

Category : Health

Year : 2012

Importance (wr. Prelims) : Medium

Place : London

Key Terms/ Institutions spinoffs : Officials from WHO, the World Bank, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the world’s 13 leading pharmaceutical companies, and government representatives from US, UK, United Arab Emirate, Bangladesh, Brazil, Mozambique and Tanzania participated in a joint meeting at the Royal College of Physicians to launch this project.

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