[Prelims Spotlight] UN Convention Against Corruption, Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme

Here are  Back2Basics collections from today’s news items

B2B #1: From news- [op-ed snap] Layers of protection: on changes in anti-corruption law

UN Convention Against Corruption

  1. The United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) is a multilateral treaty negotiated by member states of the United Nations (UN) and promoted by the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
  2. It is one of several legally binding international anti-corruption agreements
  3. UNCAC was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 31 October 2003
  4. UNCAC’s goal is to reduce various types of corruption that can occur across country borders, such as trading in influence and abuse of power, as well as corruption in the private sector, such as embezzlement and money laundering
  5. Another goal of the UNCAC is to strengthen international law enforcement and judicial cooperation between countries by providing effective legal mechanisms for international asset recovery
  6. UNCAC requires state parties to the treaty to implement several anti-corruption measures that focus on five main areas:
  • prevention
  • law enforcement
  • international cooperation
  • asset recovery
  • technical assistance and information exchange

Here’s a Factoid to brush up your concepts

Name of the scheme : Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme

Objectives : 1. Strengthening and improving quality of basic TB services addressing TB HIV co-infection, other co-morbidities and MDR-TB 2. Engaging with care providers both in the public and the private sector 3. Targeted intervention in the vulnerable population and strengthening urban TB control along with active case finding activities 4. Integrating newer molecular diagnostics for TB in the health system (CBNAAT) for early diagnosis of MDR TB 5. Leveraging of Information Communication Technology for enhancing TB notification and strengthening of monitoring

Salient Features : 1. Under the RNTCP, Government is committed to end tuberculosis by 2025. 2. The strategies adopted for this purpose include strengthening and improving quality of basic TB services, engaging with providers other than public, addressing TB HIV co-infection, other co-morbidities and programmatic management of drug resistant TB.

Nodal Ministry : Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

 

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