[Prelims Spotlight]Acts and schemes related to Health

1.Janani Suraksha Yojana(JSY)

Objectives

  • It is being implemented with the objective of reducing maternal and neonatal mortality by promoting institutional delivery among poor pregnant women.
  • It is a 100% centrally sponsored scheme it integrates cash assistance with delivery and post-delivery care. The success of the scheme would be determined by the increase in institutional delivery among the poor families
  • The women who deliver in Government hospitals, health centres or even in accredited private hospitals are eligible for the cash assistance, if she is above 19 years .

Nodal Ministry – Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

2.Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram(JSSK)

Objectives

  • To provide better health facilities for pregnant women and sick neonates and eliminating “out-of-pocket” expenses.-Under this scheme, pregnant women are entitled for free drugs and consumables, free diagnostics, free blood whenever required, and free diet up to 3 days for normal delivery and 7 days for C-section
  • This initiative also provides for free transport from home to institution, between facilities in case of a referral and drop back home
  • Similar entitlements have been put in place for all sick new borns accessing public health institutions for treatment till 30 days after birth.

Nodal Ministry – Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

3.MAA-Mother’s Absolute Affection

Objectives

  • A nationwide programme launched in an attempt to bring undiluted focus on promotion of breastfeeding and provision of counselling services for supporting breastfeeding through health systems.1. The programme has been named ‘MAA’ to signify the support a lactating mother requires from family members and at health facilities to breastfeed successfully.
  • The chief components of the MAA Programme are Community awareness generation, Strengthening interpersonal communication through ASHA, Skilled support for breastfeeding at delivery points in public health facilities, and monitoring and award/recognition.

Nodal Ministry – Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

4.Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram(RBSK)

Salient Features

  • Under this, support is being provided to States/UTs for Child Health Screening and Early Intervention Services through early detection and early management of common health conditions classified into 4 Ds i.e Defects at birth, Diseases, Deficiencies, Development delays including disability.
  • Treatment including surgeries at tertiary level is free of cost under this initiative.

Nodal Ministry – Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

5.Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram

Objectives

This initiative goes beyond addressing sexual and reproductive health and introduces focus on nutrition, sexual & reproductive health, injuries and violence (including gender based violence), non-communicable diseases, mental health and substance misuse.

Nodal Ministry – Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

6.Ayushman Bharat Scheme

Objectives

  • National Health Protection Scheme will be launched to cover 10 crore poor and vulnerable families.
  • Under this, up to Rs 5 lakh will be provided to each family per year in secondary and tertiary care institutions.
  • This scheme will have 50 crore beneficiaries. So far under the National Health Insurance Scheme, insurance cover of Rs 30,000 was available only. This is a big increase in this regard.

Nodal Ministry – Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

7.RASHTRIYA AROGYA NIDHI (RAN)

Objectives

  • Financial assistance to patients, living below poverty line and who are suffering from major life threatening diseases, to receive medical treatment at any of the super speciality Hospitals/Institutes or other Government hospitals.

Nodal Ministry – Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

8.Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY).

Objectives

  • The primary objective of PMSSY is to correct the region imbalances in availability of affordable/reliable tertiary level healthcare in the country in general, and, to augment facilities for quality medical education in under-served or backward States, in particular.
  • The PMSSY project was to be implemented across the country by the centre for which two major components of implementation was decided.
  • The first was to set up bigger medical institutions like that of AIIMS located in New Delhi. A total of six such AIIMS like medical units were brought up in the country spread across various regions.
  • The second component of the PMSSY scheme was to improve and upgrade all the medical colleges and institutions.
  • There were a total of 13 such medical colleges spread across the country which needed up gradation and introduction to improved medical facilities and technologies. The PMSSY scheme will be implemented in three work phases.

Nodal Ministry – Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

9.Mission Madhumeha

Objectives

  • Effective management of Diabetes through Ayurveda.
  • It was Launched on National Ayurvedic Day .
  • The Mission will be implemented throughout the country through a specially designed National Treatment Protocol. 3.The guidelines in the protocol will be sent to various state governments, which will further circulate them across various medical institutions.
  • The Madhumeha Assessment Tool (MAT) based on Ayurvedic philosophy has also been developed for the self-assessment of the people with regards to possibilities of diabetes.
  • The government is set to launch a mobile app which will suggest Ayurvedic medicines for diabetic patients.
  • The app will be meant for use by both practitioners of Ayurveda as well patients.
  • It will help in identifying the type of diabetes a patient is suffering from as well as recommend which Ayurvedic medicines can be administered to a patient.
  • The app is based on a set of guidelines issued by AYUSH.

Nodal Ministry – Ministry of AYUSH

10.Indradanush scheme.

Objectives-

  • It aims to immunize all children under the age of 2 years, as well as all pregnant women, against seven vaccine preventable diseases.
  • The Mission Indradhanush, depicting seven colours of the rainbow, aims to cover all those children by 2020 who are either unvaccinated, or are partially vaccinated against seven vaccine preventable diseases which include diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, measles and hepatitis B.

Nodal Ministry – Ministry of Health

11.National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS)

Objectives

  • NPCDCS has a focus on awareness generation for behaviour and life-style changes, screening and early diagnosis of persons with high level of risk factors and there treatment and referral (if required) to higher facilities for appropriate management for those Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs) including diabetes and hypertension.

Nodal Ministry – Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

12.Test and Treat Policy for HIV

Objectives

  • As soon as a person is tested and found to be positive, he will be provided with Antiretroviral Therapy irrespective of his CD count or clinical stage.1. The ART will be for all men, women, adolescents and children who have been diagnosed as a HIV + case.
  • This will improve longevity, improve quality of life of those infected and will save them from many opportunistic infections, especially TB.

Nodal Ministry – Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

13.Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme

Objectives

  • Strengthening and improving quality of basic TB services addressing TB HIV co-infection, other co-morbidities and MDR-TB
  • Engaging with care providers both in the public and the private sector
  • Targeted intervention in the vulnerable population and strengthening urban TB control along with active case finding activities
  • Integrating newer molecular diagnostics for TB in the health system (CBNAAT) for early diagnosis of MDR TB
  • Leveraging of Information Communication Technology for enhancing TB notification and strengthening of monitoring1. Under the RNTCP, Government is committed to end tuberculosis by 2025.
  • The strategies adopted for this purpose include strengthening and improving quality of basic TB services, engaging with providers other than public, addressing TB HIV co-infection, other co-morbidities and programmatic management of drug resistant TB.

Nodal Ministry – Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

14.National Leprosy Eradication Programme (NLEP)To eliminate leprosy from the country.

Objectives

  • With a view to eliminating leprosy from the country, a three-pronged strategy has been adopted for early detection of leprosy cases in the community during 2016-17:
  • Leprosy Case Detection Campaign for high endemic districts.
  • Focused Leprosy Campaign for hot spots.
  • Specific plan for Case Detection in Hard to reach areas.

Nodal Ministry – Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

15.National Framework for Malaria Elimination

Objectives

The aims of the National Framework for Malaria Elimination in India 2016-2030 are:

  • To Eliminate malaria (zero indigenous cases) throughout the entire country by 2030; and
  • Maintain malaria-free status in areas where malaria transmission has been interrupted and prevent re-introduction of malaria.1. Eliminate malaria from all 26 States including 15 low (Category 1) and 11 moderate (Category 2) transmission States/Union Territories (UTs) by 2022;
  • Reduce the incidence of malaria to less than 1 case per 1000 population per year in all States and UTs and their districts by 2024;
  • Interrupt indigenous transmission of malaria throughout the entire country, including all 10 high transmission States and Union Territories (Category 3) by 2027; and
  • Prevent the re-establishment of local transmission of malaria in areas where it has been eliminated and maintain national malaria-free status by 2030 and beyond.

Nodal Ministry – Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

16.Elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis (ELF) Programme

Objectives

  • National Health Policy (2002) has laid down the goal for elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis by 2015, which has now been revised to 2017, though global goal is 2020

Nodal Ministry – Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

17.LAQSHYA

Objectives

  • Scheme aimed at improving quality of care in labour room and maternity operation theatre. The programme aims at implementing ‘fast-track’ interventions for achieving tangible results within 18 months.
  • Under the initiative, a multipronged strategy has been adopted, including improving infrastructure upgradation, ensuring availability of essential equipment, providing adequate human resources, capacity building of healthcare workers and improving quality processes in the labour room.
  • A healthcare facility achieving 70% score on NQAS will be declared ‘LaQshya’ certified. Facilities scoring over 90, 80 and 70% will get platinum, gold and silver badges respectively.
  • Facilities achieving NQAS certification and having 80% satisfied beneficiaries will be given monetary incentive with medical college hospitals getting Rs 6 lakh and Rs 3 lakh for district hospitals.

Nodal Ministry – Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

18.Suvidha

Objectives

The government has launched biodegradable sanitary napkins, priced at ₹2.50 per pad. The name is Suvidha.

Nodal Ministry – Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilisers

19.SATH Programme

Objectives

  • NITI Aayog has launched SATH, a program providing ‘Sustainable Action for Transforming Human capital’ with the State Governments.The vision of the program is to initiate transformation in the education and health sectors.
  • The program addresses the need expressed by many states for technical support from NITI aayog.
  • SATH aims to identify and build three future ‘role model’ states for health systems.
  • NITI Aayog will work in close collaboration with their state machinery to design a robust roadmap of intervention, develop a program governance structure, set up monitoring and tracking mechanisms, handhold state institutions through the execution stage and provide support on a range of institutional measures to achieve the end objectives.
  • The program will be implemented by NITI along with McKinsey & Company and IPE Global consortium, who were selected through a competitive bidding process.
  • Niti aayog

20.National Health mission.

Objectives

  • The broad objectives of this mission are as follows:
  • Reduce MMR to 1/1000 live births
  • Reduce IMR to 25/1000 live births
  • Reduce TFR (Total Fertility Rate ) to 2.1
  • Prevention and reduction of anaemia in women aged 15–49 years
  • Prevent and reduce mortality & morbidity from communicable, non-communicable; injuries and emerging diseases
  • Reduce household out-of-pocket expenditure on total health care expenditure
  • Reduce annual incidence and mortality from Tuberculosis by half
  • Reduce prevalence of Leprosy to <1/10000 population and incidence to zero in all districts
  • Annual Malaria Incidence to be <1/1000
  • Less than 1 per cent microfilaria prevalence in all districts
  • Kala-azar Elimination by 2015, <1 case per 10000 population in all blocks.

The National Health Mission (NHM) has two Sub-Missions :

National Urban Health Mission (NUHM) covering urban areas

National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) covering rural areas

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Ponnar Muru
8 Apr, 2019

Thanks a lot to civilsdaily team for helping us to ease our preparations, again tq so much to all.



    Anurag Prabhakar
    9 Apr, 2019

    Thanks a lot. Wish it was readily available in excel format too.