Quasi-judicial bodies are institutes which have powers analogous to that of the law imposing bodies but these are not courts.
They primarily oversee the administrative zones. The courts have the power to supervise over all types of disputes but the quasi-judicial bodies are the ones with the powers of imposing laws on administrative agencies.
These bodies support to lessen the burden of the courts. Quasi-judicial activity is restricted to the issues that concern the particular administrative agency. Quasi-judicial action may be appealed to a court of law.
These organizations generally have authorities of settlement in matters like breach of discipline, conduct rules, and trust in the matters of money or otherwise.
Their powers are usually limited to a particular area of expertise, such as financial markets, employment laws, public standards, immigration, or regulation.
Awards and judgements of quasi-judicial bodies often depend on a pre-determined set of rules or punishment depending on the nature and gravity of the offence committed.
Such punishment may be legally enforceable under the law of a country it can be challenged in a court of law which is the final vital authority.
Emergence of Quasi-Judicial Bodies in India
- As the welfare state has grown up in size and functions, more and more litigations are pending in the judiciary, making it over-burdened. It requires having an alternative justice system.
- Ordinary judiciary has become dilatory and costly.
- With scientific and economic development, laws have become more complex, demanding more technical knowledge about specific sectors.
- The conventional judiciary is suffering from procedural rigidity, which delays the justice.
- Further, a bulk of decisions, which affect a private individual come not from courts, but from administrative agencies exercising ad judicatory powers.