It is no doubt that the globalization has made the life easy. The world has become better place to live in terms of economic development, peace, opportunity, human rights etc. however, it has also given a number of ethical concerns like climate change due to increased industrialization and other activities, development and proliferation of weapons, Intellectual Property Rights etc. to talk some.
Here we need to elaborate the ethical concerns related to each of the aspects raising question on various aspects of efforts taken to resolve the issues as examples.
As interaction, competition and collaboration among the nations are continuously increasing we find that it has raised many ethical issues in the global arena. It is observed that though the world is becoming a better place to live in terms of economic prosperity, but in terms of equality, peace, environment and human rights, there have been number of issues involving some ethical concerns also. Some of them being:
Climate Change: Countries are divided on the issue of common but differentiated responsibility and on technology transfer and funding arrangements. It is the responsibility of both the big and the smaller powers to ensure that we leave behind a world that is safe for future generations to live in.
Disarmament: World today has become a treasury of all the kinds of mass weapons of destruction. Ironically the cause of disarmament at the international stage is being promoted by those states, which have massive reserves of nuclear armaments, missiles and nuclear powered submarines. Also, countries like the USA impose economic and other sanctions on countries like Iran to prevent them from developing nuclear weapons. There are unanswered questions like how it is ethical for a country to impose sanctions on the others without discarding their own weapons of mass destruction.
IPRs: The developed countries are depriving the poor countries from accessing the new technologies by the restrictive clauses of IPRs. Ironically, the same restrictive provisions are also applied on things like the life saving drugs. In this debate, it is essential to determine whether it is justifiable for a country to defend its IPRs on the ground of commercial benefits, or they should ethically share the technology for the greater cause of the humanity.
Trade Negotiations: The Doha Round of world Trade Organization is pending to reach a consensus. In this context, the basic question involved is whether the developing countries are ethically and morally correct when they demand higher concession in international trade.
Management of Common goods
In such issues it has been observed that countries have gone on to give more importance to national issues than to ethical responsibility as per humanitarian values. This, in the long term, would be detrimental not only for the other counties but for the country in question also. It is, therefore, important to consider the ethical grounds and take a holistic approach to all issues in order to ensure equitable development.