[E&B bodies #7] Tiger and Other Endangered Species Crime Control Bureau



  • Tiger and Other Endangered Species Crime Control Bureau is a statutory multi-disciplinary body
  • Established by the Government of India on 6 June 2007, by amending the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 197
  • Functions under the Ministry of Environment and Forests
  • Headquarter- New Delhi
  • It complements the efforts of the state governments, primary enforcers of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and other enforcement agencies of the country
  • Aim: To combat organized wildlife crime in the country
  • The Bureau was initially headed by a Senior Police Officer of Inspector General of Police rank, Ms. Rina Mitra, and the organisation achieved substantial progress under her leadership


Under Section 38 (Z) of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972, it is mandated to:

  • Collect and collate intelligence related to organized wildlife crime activities and to disseminate the same to State and other enforcement agencies for immediate action so as to apprehend the criminals
  • Establish a centralized wildlife crime data bank
  • Co-ordinate actions by various agencies in connection with the enforcement of the provisions of the Act
  • Assist foreign authorities and international organization concerned to facilitate co-ordination and universal action for wildlife crime control
  • Capacity building of the wildlife crime enforcement agencies for scientific and professional investigation into wildlife crimes and assist State Governments to ensure success in prosecutions related to wildlife crimes
  • Advise the Government of India on issues relating to wildlife crimes having national and international ramifications, relevant policy and laws

Other functions/ initiatives

  • It also assists and advises the Customs authorities in inspection of the consignments of flora & fauna as per the provisions of Wild Life Protection Act, CITES and EXIM Policy governing such an item
  • WCCB is also partnering with United Nations University and CIESIN-Earth Institute at Columbia University through the Wildlife Enforcement Monitoring System Initiative


Won the prestigious 2010 Clark R. Bavin Wildlife Law Enforcement Award for its outstanding work on wildlife law enforcement in the country

Task for you

  1. Recent years have seen rise in the population of wild lions and tigers in India. Critically examine the reasons behind this success.
  2. Comment on the existing legal framework in India to protect and conserve wildlife


Published with inputs from Swapnil


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