UPSC Prelims Modern History Trend Analysis: Part 5

Pre 2009

1. One of the following began with the Dandi March?

  1. Home Rule Movement     
  2. Non – Cooperation Movement
  3. Civil Disobedience Movement
  4. Quit India Movement

Dandi march is very very imp. for prelims and mains. Even last year question on dandi march in south India was asked

Learning – Poorna Swareaj resolution and Dandi march, Choice of salt law

2. With which one of the following movements is the slogan ”Do or Die” associated?

  1. Swadeshi Movement     
  2. Non – Cooperation Movement
  3. Civil Disobedience Movement
  4. Quit India Movement

QIM has been asked so many times. Almost every year there is one question on QIM.

Learning – Phases of QIM, Contrast QIM with other Gandhian movements, Karnataka method

3. Who of the following founded the Ahmedabad Textile Labour Association?

  1. Mahatma Gandhi     
  2. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
  3. N. M. Joshi     
  4. J. B. Kripalani
  • Gandhiji first three satyagrahas very important
  • One of them was Ahmedabad textile mill workers strike <this association went on strike>
  • There he would find this association
  • In this movement  Ambalal Sarabhai’s sister, Anasuya Behn, was one of the main lieutenants of Gandhiji.

4. In the context of the Indian freedom struggle 16th October 1905 is well known for which one of the following reasons?

  1. The formal proclamation of Swadeshi Movement was made in Calcutta town hall
  2. I Partition of Bengal took effect
  3. Dadabhai Naoroji declared that the goal of Indian National Congress was Swaraj
  4. Lolananya Tilak started Swadeshi Movement in Poon
  • Questions from one of the most imp. topic <learn everything about it, sequence of events, when was partition 1st announced, when it took effect etc.>
  • there could be confusion b/w 1 and 2
  • The formal proclamation of the Swadeshi movement was made on August 7, 1905 at a meeting held at the Calcutta Town hall.
  • At the August 7 meeting, the famous Boycott resolution was passed.
  • Boycott was first suggested by Krishan Kumar Mitra in Sanjivani in 1905.

5. In the ”Individual Satyagraha”, Vinoba Bhave was chosen as the first Satyagrahi. Who was the second?

  1. Dr. Rajendra Prasad     
  2. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
  3. C. Rajagopalachari     
  4. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
  • J.L.Nehru. idea was to court arrest by breaking a law individually <which law did he break?>
  • Third was Brahma Datt, one of the inmates of the Gandhi’s Ashram
  • It’s important to remember that the Individual Satyagraha was not to seek independence but to affirm the right of speech <Gandhiji did not want t embarass Britain during 2nd world war, hence was not in favour of mass movement>

Learning – CDM v/s Individual civil Disobedience movement, Gandhi v/s Subhash debate

  1.  Consider the following statements:

The Cripps Proposals include the provision for

  1. Full independence for India
  2. Creation of Constitution making body.

Which of the statements given above is are correct?

  1. 1 only     
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2     
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
  • 1 is wrong. It provided for dominion and that’s one of the reason why congress rejected the Cripps proposal <India would be a dominion associated with the United kingdom – Cripps propsal>
  • It provided for constitution making body and for the 1st time England conceded that constitution making would be sole responsibility of Indians
  • This was the one such propsal which was rejeected by all including Congress, League Hindu Mahasabha, Sikh, Dali

Learning -:Cripps proposals, Wavell plan, timeline of events from 2nd word war to independence

7. During the freedom struggle, Aruna Asaf AIi was a major woman organizer of underground activity in :

  1. Civil Disobedience Movement
  2. Non-Cooperation Movement
  3. Quit India Movement     
  4. Swadeshi Movement

Underground activity was the 3rd phase of quit India movement, so obviously Aruna Asaf Ali would have organised that during that movement only.

Learning – three phases of quit India movement

8. In collaboration with David Hare and Alexander Duff, who of the following established Hindu College at Calcutta?

  1. Henry Louis Vivian Derozio     
  2. Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
  3. Keshab Chandra Sen     
  4. Raja Rammohan Roy

That Everything about Raja Ram Mohan Roy is important, I have repeated ad nauseum

9.Who of the following Prime Ministers sent Cripps Mission to India?

  1. James Ramsay MacDonald     
  2. Stanley Baldwin
  3. Neville Chamberlain     
  4. Winston Churchill
  • Cripps mission came to India in 1942.
  • World war 2 was going on then
  • You all know Winston Churchill was war time PM. Answer is clear now

Learning – mcdonald, communal award and Poona pact

10. During the Indian Freedom Struggle, why did Rowlatt Act arouse popular indignation?

  1. It curtailed the freedom of religion
  2. It suppressed the Indian traditional education
  3. It authorized the government to imprison people without trial
  4. It curbed the trade union activities
  • Repeat
  • Imprisonment without trial. For how many months?

11. Consider the following statements:

  1. The first telegraph line in India was laid between Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) and Diamond Harbour.
  2. The first Export Processing Zone in India was set up in Kandla.

Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?

  1. 1 only     
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2     
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
  • 1st telegraph line in 1850 <who was the governor general?>
  • 1st EPZ in 1956

12. Consider the following statements:

  1. The discussions in the Third Round Table Conference eventually led to the passing of the Government of India Act of 1935.
  2. The Government of India Act of 1935 provided for the establishment of an All India Federation to be based on a Union of the provinces of British India and the Princely States.

Which of the above statements is/ are correct?

  1. 1 only     
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2     
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
  • GOI act 1935 very important
  • 2nd statement is true. It provided for an all India federation
  • RTCs were held to discuss further constitutional advance of India in 1930s so obviously 1st us also true

Learning – GOI Act 1935, round table conferences and Gandhi Irwin pact

A few difficult questions from CAPF 2015

1. Which one of the following statements about the Gandhi-Irwin Pact is NOT correct?

  1. Gandhi wrote a letter seeking an interview with the Viceroy
  2. Civil Disobedience movement was to be discontinued
  3. The imprisoned freedom fighters were to be released
  4. All the lands that had been confiscated were to be returned to the original owners

Only the land that had not been sold was to be returned

2. Which one of the following was NOT the feature of the Home Rule movement in India?

  1. Boycott and Picketing
  2. Two separate Home-Rule Leagues rather than one All-India Home-Rule Organisation
  3. Setting up of discussion groups and reading rooms
  4. Sale and circulation of pamphlets
  • Boycott and picketing was done in Swadeshi movement and Gandhian movements
  • Home rule league was more of an intellectual sort of movement which mainly attracted educated people in urban areas

3. Which of the following represents the main phases of the Quit India Movement ?

  1. Strikes, boycotts, and picketing in urban centres
  2. Widespread attacks in rural areas on the many symbols and means of colonial rule and authority, e.g. railways, telegraph lines, and Government buildings
  3. Formation of Home Rule leagues
  4. The ‘Karnataka method’

Select the correct answer using the code given below :

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2, 3 and 4
  3. 1, 2 and 4
  4. 1 and 4 only
  • Phases of QIM very important
  • There was formation of parallel govts not home rule leagues
  • Home rule leagues were formed in Home rule movement

P.S. This completes the analysis of history. Do solve last yaer questions of history of various UPSC papers and from 2000 to 2008 CSE prelims history portion

P.P.S. – Analysis of geography or art and culture/ancient/ medieval India will be done from tomorrow.

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By Dr V

Doctor by Training | AIIMSONIAN | Factually correct, Politically not so much | Opinionated? Yes!

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