15th July 2019 | Daily Answer Writing Enhancement

Students are advised to post answers below in the main page itself. Kindly ensure that answer to each question is posted as a separate comment with the purchase ID provided by us.

Reviews will be provided in a week for. (In the order of submission- First come first serve basis). In case the answer is submitted late the review period may get extend to two weeks.

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Question 1)

Teesta River has become an important factor in India – Bangladesh relations. What are the hindrances in successful implementation of river water sharing agreement and what are its possible implications on India-Bangladesh relations? What could be the possible solutions?

Question 2)

What is Anti-Defection Law? There is a dire need to reform the law. Critically analyse.

Question 3)

USA-Iran’s rising conflits have implications for stability in Middle East as well as India. Suggest steps that can be taken by India to secure its interests.

Question 4)

You are a senior civil servant. One of your officer friend is hard working, completes her work on time but always demoralizes her subordinates by blaming them for one or the other thing. She keeps everyone on toes. Often she shouts in her office and want to just follow the blue book while working. She also insults junior officers if one fails to get the things done. Her only mantra to work is to “get the things done -whatever it takes.” Due to this bossy attitude your friend is not liked by the subordinates and because of her uneven relation with her team members; she fails to portray a good office culture. Most of the colleagues know about this case but no one wants to discuss it because of your proximity with that lady officer. However one day one close friend happens to be your colleague briefed about the problem subordinate officers are facing. Answer the following questions based on the above case. Bring merits and demerits related to each course of action and discuss the best option: (a) Directly talk to subordinate and assure about correcting the things in future. (b) Give responsibility to your friend who briefed you about this case. (c) Transfer the lady officer as this case may bring sorry figure for you also in future. (d) Request the lady officer not to do so as this may hamper their personal relations also. (e) Is there any better option available to correct the things other than what mentioned above?

 

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parth vermavinay bhalekarVarsha ChauhanMurari JhaVishvjeet Holkar Recent comment authors
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Mahesh
Member

Q 2 Payment ID
MOJO9619C00D60847622

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parth verma
Admin

Hi Mahesh
You have to give more inputs and dimensions in your answer.
In the intro give the background due to which 10th schedule was inserted in the constitution.
After mentioning the highlights, do mention the +ve changes it has brought to Indian polity like stability in the government; prevented selfish defection; unity in the party; etc.
In the -ves of the law, there are many more points like Curtailment of legislator’s right to vote according to his conscience; Disincentivising lawmakers from serious thinking; law does not apply to pre-poll alliances; \falls short to impose additional penalties on defectors; law does not come with a sunset clause etc, that could have been discussed.
No way forwards in the answer. Mention the reforms needed in the law.

Marks: 1.5

Prakhar Bharadwaj
Member

Q1

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parth verma
Admin

Hi Prakhar
Good use of diagram.
Decent answer.
The discussion is on the right track.
Nothing to pinpoint here.
Keep it up.

Marks: 6.5

Prakhar Bharadwaj
Member

Q2

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parth verma
Admin

Good presentation.
All the necessary dimensions have been efficiently covered.
Points are on expected lines.

marks: 6

Prakhar Bharadwaj
Member

Q3

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parth verma
Admin

Your direction is good.
But in the discussion on effects on India you should explore more dimensions like Chabahar port, INSTC, SCO etc.
Very good way forwards.

Marks: 4.5

Prakhar Bharadwaj
Member

Q4

parth verma
Admin

Excellent analogy for all the options.
Your own course of action has been discussed and explained in great depth which is really good approach.
All the merits and demerits are well placed and in right direction.

Marks: 7.5

project _osiris
Member

1

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parth verma
Admin

Hi
Try to upload clearer image. Right now it is too small for us to read.
Your direction of the answer is decent.
But work on your presentation skills. Your statements have to be framed in better manner.
After intro, mention the importance of this river for both nations.
Good 2nd part of the answer.

Marks: 4.5

Shivangi Uliana
Member

Q3
ID- MOJO9710800D30462641

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parth verma
Admin

Hi Shivangi
You dont have to give the timeline of US-Iran Relationship.
Just in intro mention the background of JCPOA breakdown and recent skirmishes like enrichment of Uranium and sanctions and arresting oil tankers etc. Do not veer away from the demand of the question too much.
Very poor structuring.
Half of the answer has discussed issues which were not relevant and only a portion was discussed for the actual content: Impact on Middle East and India.
After intro, simply discuss these two dimensions and then conclude your answer with way forward for India.
The points related to effects on India are weak. Better points are needed. Mention how it will effect India’s energy supply; its goal of rule based order in the region; SCO; INSTC etc.
Never give a way forward and then contradict it in the next statement (1st way forward). You have to be solid with them.
Read the model answer.
Marks: 2

Mohsin Khursheed
Member

Q2. MOJO9615J00A46183569

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parth verma
Admin

Hi Mohsin
Place the paragraph of Karnataka issue as your intro and shift everything else below it. That will be a better structure for your answer.
Good discussion.
Way forwards could have been made stronger.
Do mention reports of various bodies like The Goswami Committee, the Election Commission and the Law Commission, Venkatachaliah Commission to Review the Constitution (2002). Read the model answer in this regard.
Balance is nice in the answer.

Marks: 5

Mohsin Khursheed
Member

Q4. MOJO9615J00A46183569

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parth verma
Admin

Overall discussion is decent but do not give that much space to your 1st discussion.
Keep it brief and focus on the options instead that are asked in the question.
That is a better way of structuring your case studies. Also you can add all those points in the concluding para.
Merits and demerits are OK. Couple of other dimensions could have been explored as well in some options read the model answer for that.

Marks: 4.5

pranab prakash
Member

Payment ID MOJO9611300N14575632
Q1

parth verma
Admin

Hi Pranab
You missed to discuss couple of aspects in the answer.
While you gave the background of the issue but failed to discuss the challenges and the reasons behind those challenges when it comes to Teesta river.
You have to discuss the importance of the issue in the bilateral relations and implications.
Use subheadings for better understanding.
Points are decent.
Good use of diagram.
Decent way forwards.

Marks: 3.5

pranab prakash
Member

Payment ID MOJO9611300N14575632
Q2

parth verma
Admin

Poor discussion.
It has no depth and missed almost all the necessary dimensions.
The main body of the answer should have consisted of discussion on impact on the Middle East and India’s interest. You completely missed this area and straight away jumped to the way forward part.
Good way forwards.
But weak conclusion. It has to be optimistic.

Marks: 2

pranab prakash
Member

Payment ID MOJO9611300N14575632
Q3

parth verma
Admin

Avoid statement based intros. Try to use paragraph style with them. They should not be seen as broken or start-stop kind of thing because then there will be no demarcation on where it ends and where does the main answer starts.
Please start using sub headings. It is must in answers. It shows what is being discussed in one sub set of the answer.
In the positive you have just mentioned: “the law has been quite effective in controlling the evil of defection”
That is not the right approach. You have to have some discussion on this issue for the balance of your answer. Never skip discussing both sides of the arguments.
Rest of the answer is very good in terms of content, language, explanation and structure.
You can use recommendations from Law commission, Goswami Committee, the Election Commission, Venkatachaliah Commission to Review the Constitution (2002) in your way forwards.

Marks: 4

mud borne
Member

Please review- q 4, 2, 3

Thanks & Regards

parth verma
Admin

Hi Mud Borne
Please do not upload all the answers simultaneously in single document. It wont be reviewed from the next time.

4. Do not start the discussion right away! Give some intro to the discussion.
You have tried to give various insights on pros and cons of each each option but more could have been discussed in terms of dimensions. Read the model answer.
Your own option and its discussion are very good and well placed.
Work o your presentation.

Marks: 5

2. Weak structure and discussion in the answer.
You havent discussed the pros and cons of Anti Defection Law and simply mentioned the way forwards.
That is a wrong way of approaching discussion.
You have to have balance in your answer.
Also mention some recent cases of use of this law like Karnataka, Rajya Sabha etc.
Decent way forwards.
You can also mention the recommendations of Goswami Committee, the Law Commission, Venkatachaliah Commission to Review the Constitution (2002) etc.

Marks: 1,5

3. Poor discussion.
It has no depth and missed almost all the necessary dimensions.
The main body of the answer should have consisted of discussion on impact on the Middle East and India’s interest. You completely missed this area and straight away jumped to the way forward part.
Good way forwards.

Marks: 1.5

Shivangi Uliana
Member

Q1. MOJO9710800D30462641

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parth verma
Admin

Good discussion overall.
But try not to over explain your points. Keep them short and simple. Some of your bullet points are as big as a paragraph which defeats the very purpose of using bullet points.
The direction of the answer is decent and you have covered almost all the major facets of the issue.
Good way forward.
You dont have to mention subheading of conclusion. No need for it.

marks: 4.5

Shivangi Uliana
Member

Q2. MOJO9710800D30462641

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parth verma
Admin

The second page is not clear, specially in the upper portions. Kindly try to upload clear pictures.
Mention some of the recent cases like Karnataka or Rajya Sabha where the law was in use recently. Put this in your intro.
While its good that you mentioned the committees but what are the “recommendations”? Never give general statements like this in your way forward. Make it concrete by mentioning some of the points from those committees.
Rest of the answer is fine.
Well discussed and well presented.

Marks: 5

avani k
Member

Q1

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parth verma
Admin

Hi Avani
Good intro.
But the discussion in the 1st flowchart is not required. That is outside the periphery of the required answer.
Rest of the answer is fine.
You have covered all the necessary dimensions of the answer.
Points are good. But work on your statement making. Points like “could be an irritant” can be framed and explained in better manner.
Good way forwards.

Marks: 5

avani k
Member

Q2

New Doc 2019-07-16 00.52.56_6.jpg
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parth verma
Admin

Mention some recent cases of use of this law like Karnataka, Rajya Sabha etc.
Decent way forwards. Good that you mentioned the recommendations of the committees.
Overall good structure.
Could have approached the discussion in the +ves of the law in better manner.
But all in all good attempt.

Marks: 5.5

avani k
Member

Q3

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parth verma
Admin

Good 1st part.
You intro and discussion on Middle East are very good.
But in an important aspect like effects on India should be discussed in bullet points rather than using flowcharts. Remember, important aspects should be discussed with explanation as much as possible. Content of the flowchart is on right track.
Good way forwards.

Marks: 4.5

avani k
Member

Q4

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monish sadaram
Member

how to post the image files? pls guide. first time posting. not able to find the option to attach image file.

parth verma
Admin

Its a comprehensive discussion.
You have covered all the aspects in detail.
Pros and cons have all the necessary elements.
Your own course of action could have been explained in better manner. Its on the right track but due to flowchart, the intent is not clear due to lack of explanation.
Good conclusion.

Marks: 5.5

monish sadaram
Member

how do i Attach the file here?? pls guide.. not able to find the option other than typing

Er S
Admin

Monish try now. you should be able to post.

Parth Ranjan
Member

Q2
MOJO9617P00D58497630

parth verma
Admin

Hi Parth
Mention some of the recent cases like Karnataka or Rajya Sabha where the law was in use recently. Put this in your intro.
Very good answer apart from that.
You have covered all the necessary elements.
Discussion is in depth and references of various cases and committees are well placed.
Well discussed and well presented.

Marks: 6.5

Parth Ranjan
Member

Q3
MOJO9617P00D58497630

parth verma
Admin

Good 1st part.
But in the discussion on effects on India you should explore more dimensions like, INSTC, SCO, India’s Goal of rule based order in the region etc.
Good way forwards.
But lengthy conclusion. Some of the discussion in the conclusion could be included in the way forwards.

Marks: 4.5

Kunal Aggarwal
Member

Q2

parth verma
Admin

Hi Kunal
Discussion and language are very good.
Content is in depth and explanation quite decent.
But do use subheadings in your paragraphs.
Also in the way forwards you can mention points from various bodies like The Goswami Committee, the Election Commission and the Law Commission, Venkatachaliah Commission to Review the Constitution (2002). Read the model answer in this regard.
Balance is nice in the answer.
Good conclusion.

Marks: 5.5

Kunal Aggarwal
Member

Q3

parth verma
Admin

Good intro.
But do not discuss the timeline of US Iran issue in that deail. You can just mention the background of JCPOA breakdown and recent skirmishes like enrichment of Uranium and sanctions and arresting oil tankers etc in your intro.
Discussion on middle east is good but when it comes to India, you have missed various dimensions like effects on India’s goal of rule based order in the region; SCO; INSTC etc.
Very good way forwards.
Conclusion is also well put.

Marks: 4

Kunal Aggarwal
Member

Q4

parth verma
Admin

Content in the intro is good but its quite lengthy Break it into 2 parts.
You have covered all the aspects of the case in detail.
Discussion has all the necessary elements and arguments from both sides have been well covered.
Your own course of action is also explained in excellent manner. Its on the right track.
Good conclusion.

Marks: 7.5

sourav singh
Member
parth verma
Admin

Hi Sourav
Kindly upload the answers like everyone else on the page.

aastha gupta
Member

Q1 MOJ09618Q00D99211048

parth verma
Admin

Hi Astha
Please dont upload multiple answers in single document. It is prohibited. From next time onwards it wont be reviewed.

Q.2)
Good 1st part.
Please use subheadings.
The 2nd part is weak in terms of content, depth and coverage.
The discussion on the +ves and -ves of the law needs more point and explanation.
Way forwards should be discussed in separate sub heading rather than as a passing remarks in conclusion. That is not a suitable structure.
You have roughly 3 pages for your answer. So try to use them to the fullest.

Marks: 2.5

Q.3)
Do not discuss the timeline of US Iran issue in that detail.
You can just mention the background of JCPOA breakdown and recent skirmishes like enrichment of Uranium and sanctions and arresting oil tankers etc in your intro and jump to the main body.
Discussion on middle east is good but when it comes to India, you have missed various dimensions like effects on India’s goal of rule based order in the region; SCO; INSTC etc.
While your way forwards are good but do mention another important aspect which is defusing tension between Iran and US and how can India play a constructive role.

Marks: 3.5

suyash mahajan
Guest

MOJO9709G00A34132827

parth verma
Admin

Hi Suyash
There is no file here

project _osiris
Member

3.qst

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parth verma
Admin

Hi
Avoid rhetoric like “Geo Political Tsunami.” Let newspaper columns use such language.
Your image is not clear. Please upload clearer images. Due to poor image quality, most of the discussion in the 1st page are not clear.
Discussion on middle east is good but when it comes to India, you have missed to discuss the effects on India like India’s energy security, India’s goal of rule based order in the region; SCO; INSTC etc.
Good way forwards.
Work on your presentation skills. They need load of work.
No need to discuss the last portion of 1st page. Never veer away from the demand of the question.

Marks: 2.5

project _osiris
Member

2.

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parth verma
Admin

Give an introduction to the law. What are it salient features?
You have to improve your presentation. The purpose of various arrows in the middle of the discussion are not clear.
Also upload clear pictures.
What are the +ves of the law?
Discussion on the demerits are well placed and they are comprehensive.
Good way forwards but do not over explain.

marks: 2.5

project _osiris
Member

1.

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parth verma
Admin

You sure about the point regarding Brahmaputra being renamed as Teesta in Bangladesh?
Work on your hand writing and presentation skills.
You have covered almost all the aspects required in the question.
Explanation needs better language.
Better way forwards are needed.
Discussion in various sub headings is on expected lines.

Marks: 3

Parth Ranjan
Member

Q4
MOJO9617P00D58497630

parth verma
Admin

Length of the answer is an issue.
Good intro and 1st part before discussing options in hand.
You have covered all the aspects of the case in detail.
Answer has all the important facets and arguments from both sides have been well covered.
Your own course of action is also explained in excellent manner. Its on the right track.
Good conclusion.

Marks: 7

Vishvjeet Holkar
Member

Q1

parth verma
Admin

Hi Vishvjeet
How is the 1st point in the sub heading HINDRANCES is a hindrance?
Good intro.
But content needs improvement.
Subheadings are well placed but explanation need solid content.
Better way forwards are needed.
Read the model answer for better understanding.

Marks: 4

Vishvjeet Holkar
Member

Q2

parth verma
Admin

Avoid factual blunders like 56th CAA. It is 52nd CAA and not 56th. These mistakes reflect poorly on your answer specially when it comes in the intro.
Again its is 2/3rd and not 1/3rd. The issue of mass defection because of the 1/3rd rule was remedied through the 91st amendment which increased the bar from one third to two third. Thus at least two-thirds of the members of a party have to be in favour of a ‘merger’ for it to possess validity in the eyes of the law.
Work on your conceptual understandings because these topics are frequent in new and UPSC asks questions from such topics.
Avoid comments that the law is against the basic structure doctrine because supreme court has already adjudged the legality of the law on constitution lines.
Better points are needed in the discussion on -ves of the law like curtailment of legislator’s right to vote according to his conscience; Disincentivising lawmakers from serious thinking; law does not apply to pre-poll alliances; \falls short to impose additional penalties on defectors; law does not come with a sunset clause etc.
Good way forwards and discussion on the +ves of the law.
Please work on your writing skills and conceptual knowledge. That will come with practice of answer writing.

marks: 2

Vishvjeet Holkar
Member

Q3

parth verma
Admin

Good intro.
US allies are shia? They are actually Sunni (whole middle east) while Iran is predominantly a Shia nation. Avoid such general statements which are factually incorrect.
When it comes to India, you have missed various dimensions like effects on India’s goal of rule based order in the region; SCO; INSTC etc.
Your way forwards are good and comprehensive.
Better conclusion is needed.

Marks: 3

Murari Jha
Member

q2
MOJO9708E00A65259027

parth verma
Admin

Hi Murari
What is the point of using table when you have discussed the same points beneath it in bullet points. Do not complicate your answers. Keep it simple. If using tabular form then continue with it till the end of that discussion. Otherwise prefer bullet format.
Rest of the main body is well balanced and well discussed.
Points are comprehensive.
Way forwards need better content.
Do mention reports of various bodies like The Goswami Committee, the Election Commission and the Law Commission, Venkatachaliah Commission to Review the Constitution (2002). Read the model answer in this regard.

Marks: 4.5

Murari Jha
Member

q3
MOJO9708E00A65259027

parth verma
Admin

Avoid so much cutting between your statements Murari. This does not look good for your answer overall. It shows indecisiveness on your part. hence think and then write.
Content of the main body is good.
All the parts are nicely explained and covered.
Coverage has necessary depth and width. Keep it up.
But in the way forward, your primary focus should be on the “steps that can be taken by India to secure its interests” because that is the demand of the question

Marks: 4

Varsha Chauhan
Member

MOJO 9611C00A14581096 Q4

parth verma
Admin

Hi Varsha
Apart from a missing conclusion, everything in the answer is fine.
Good approach and decent explanation.
Your ideas are good and on the expected lines.
Marks: 6

vinay bhalekar
Member

Q1 MOJO9620O00D18665402

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parth verma
Admin

Hi Vinay
You dont need to write question. Just mention the question number.
Good intro.
You dont need 2nd paragraph of the answer.
Rest of the answer is very good in terms of discussion and explanation.
Your hand writing will fetch you extra marks if you have proper content in your answers!
Excellent way forwards.

Marks: 6.5

vinay bhalekar
Member

Q2 MOJO9620O00D18665402

image.jpg
image.jpg
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parth verma
Admin

Content is in depth and explanation quite decent.
Balance is nice in the answer.
Discussion and language are very good.
Also in the way forwards you can mention points from various bodies like The Goswami Committee, the Election Commission and the Law Commission, Venkatachaliah Commission to Review the Constitution (2002). Read the model answer in this regard.
Good conclusion.

Marks: 6.5