26 Sept 2016 | Target Mains: GS Questions & DNA Framework

GS I (Geography) (Duplex)

What is sea floor spreading?  Explain with the evidences in support of it. Describe link between it and the Plate Tectonic Theory


Static Question.  Define sea floor spreading with evidence. Last part, define relation between both theories.


– Define & explain sea floor spreading. Provide evidences in support (3+4 marks)

– Explain relation between two- Seafloor spreading helps explain continental drift in the theory of plate tectonics (3 marks)


GS II (Representation of People Acts) (Duplex)

The Representation of People Acts (RPA) of 1950 and 1951 form the foundation of electoral democracy in India. Elucidate the limitations RPAs & measures required to strengthen it.


RPA provisions need to be known and how it has helped electoral democracy. Bring its general limitations and solutions to improve it.


– RPA 1950 and 1951 provisions which has strengthen electoral democracy (3 marks)

– Limitations ( 3 marks)

– Measures and challenges (4 marks)


GS III (Issues relating to intellectual property rights) (Hattrick)

New Intellectual Property Rights Policy 2016, designed to strengthen India’s IPR regime “to foster creativity and innovation,” indicates that it has put the interests of intellectual property owners, or global capital above that of public. Critically examine.


 Private sector organisations in the US such as the US Chamber of Commerce’s Global Intellectual Property Center (GIPC) consider it as weak and ineffectual.

– In its IP index, India’s IPR score is only 7.05 out of 30, while it is 10.41 for Brazil, 12.64 for China, 13.06 for Russia, and 28.61 in the case of US


– Explain the Property rights policy of India in brief. Try to quote few objectives (2 marks)

– One side-Many commentators are of the view that India’s TRIPS Agreement (Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) compliant patent regime is quite adequate for balancing the interests of both inventors of new technologies and its users.

Other side- The pharmaceutical multinational corporations (MNCs) and the government of the United States (US) have been extremely critical of India’s IPR regime. Explain both sides (6 marks)

-Challenges and way ahead (2 marks)


GS IV (Ethics) (Hattrick)

What is meant by environmental ethics? Why is it important to study? Discuss any one environmental issue from the view point of environmental ethics ?


–  Ethics that studies the relation of human beings and the environment and how ethics play a role in this.


–          Environmental ethics believe that humans are a part of society as well as other living creatures, which includes plants and animals. These items are a very important part of the world and are considered to be a functional part of human life.

-Give example- Global warming, global climate change, deforestation, pollution, resource degradation, threat of extinction are few of the issues from which our planet is suffering. With environmental ethics, you can ensure that you are doing your part to keep the environment safe and protected.

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