Topics for Today’s questions:
GS-1 Population and associated issues, poverty, and developmental issues
GS-3 Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
GS-4 Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions
Q.1 The recently released empirical data from the National Family Health Survey 2019-20 (NFHS-5) shows that States and UTs are experiencing a sharp decline in fertility rates. What are the key reasons for the decline? Do you think a policy limiting family size is still required? (15 Marks)
Q.2 NFHS-5 places India’s total fertility rate (TFR) at 2.0. With ageing states increasingly relying on a workforce from relatively younger states to maintain their economic prosperity, it may be time for us to change our mindset about critical dimensions of India’s federalism. Comment. (10 Marks)
Q.3 The global electric mobility revolution is today defined by the rapid growth in electric vehicle (EV) uptake. In the context of this, examine the opportunities offered by the battery storage revolution for India and discuss the measures taken by India to promote the EV ecosystem in India. (10 Marks)
Q.4 Law cannot mention details of human conduct in different situations. Do you agree? If yes, what should guide the conduct of a public administrator if there is a conflict between legality and ethics? (10 Marks)
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