What’s an intangible heritage?
As defined by UNESCO, cultural heritage does not end at monuments and collections of objects. It also includes traditions or living expressions inherited from our ancestors and passed on to our descendants.
Per UNESCO, Intangible cultural heritage is:
- Traditional, contemporary and living at the same time
- Inclusive – contributes to social cohesion, encouraging a sense of identity
- Representative – skills and customs passed on to the rest of the community, from generation to generation
9 Indian Arts forms which found their way into the UNESCO’s List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage
#1. Koodiyattam, Sanskrit Theatre, Kerala
- Koodiyattam is the oldest existing classical theatre form in the entire world, having originated much before Kathakali and most other theatrical forms
- Koodiyattam was traditionally a part of the temple rituals
- Traditionally, Koodiyattam is presented by Chakyars, a temple caste of Kerala, and Nangiars, the women of Nambiar caste
#2. Mudiyett: a ritual theatre of Kerala
- A traditional ritual theatre and folk dance drama from Kerala that enacts the mythological tale of a battle between the goddess Kali and the demon Darika
- Mudiyettu is a communal undertaking in which each caste of the village plays a specific role
- Being a community based art form it is the community that has traditionally encouraged and trained the next generation to preserve the art form
#3. The Tradition of Vedic Chanting
The traditional way of reciting the Vedas is called Vedic chanting. Vedas are the primary source of knowledge on Hindu traditions. They comprise of the Hindu philosophy, myth, poetry and dialogue. The Vedas go back to about 3,500 years to the time of the Aryans, though they were written down much later. There are four chief Vedas – Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharva.
#4. Ramlila – the Traditional Performance of the Ramayana
#5. Ramman: religious festival and ritual theatre of the Garhwal Himalayas
The Ramman is a religious festival manifested in the form of ritual theatre annually held at Saloor Dungra village, in the Painkhanda Valley of Chamoli district of Uttarakhand, India.
The Ramman is not replicated or performed at any other site in the Himalayas, being specific to both location and time.
#6. Kalbelia: folk songs and dances of Rajasthan
- Kalbelia is actually an untouchable community from Rajasthan who has always lived on the outskirts of villages and relied on entertaining people for their livelihood
- They are also the community who are traditionally snake charmers
- Most famous for their sensuous form of dancing, also called Kalbelia, which mimics the movements of snakes in some sense
#7. Buddhist chanting of Ladakh
#8. Sankirtana, ritual singing, drumming and dancing of Manipur
Performed to mark religious occasions and various stages in the life of the Vaishnava people of the Manipur plains
#9. Traditional brass and copper craft – Thatheras
The craft of the Thatheras of Jandiala Guru constitutes the traditional technique of manufacturing brass and copper utensils in Punjab.