can someone help me in writing answers for these 2 questions?

Q1 : Though the acceptance of priniciple of seperate electorates for muslims was a controversial decesion, it can not be denied that the lucknow pact was motovated by a sincere desire to allay minority fears about majority domination. comment.

Q2 : The universalist perspective was not purely philosophic concern, it strongly influenced the political and social outlook of the time till relegious particularism gained ground in the second half of 19th century. Analyse with reference to socio relegious reforms in the 19th century.