The Spirit of Republicanism is a prominent theme of the Swiss Constitution.
Another important feature of the Constitution is its federal features.
Switzerland is known for its direct democracy. It is hailed as a Dynamic Constitution (features like protection of individual, welfare state et al)
Comparison scheme w.r.t Indian Constitution
|Executive vested in the President||Executive vested in the Federal Council|
|President elected by electoral college||Federal Council elected by Federal Assembly|
|States cannot conclude treaties||Cantons can conclude treaties|
|Supremacy of Judiciary||Judiciary cannot rule invalid a federal law|
|No referendum||Referendum possible|
Institutions for Direct Democracy
- Referendum: It means referring bills for ratification to the people. It is not similar to plebiscite. Plebiscite means taking the opinion of the people on any issue.
- Initiative: It is a bill initiated by the people and people conveying it to the assembly.
- Recall: It means calling the representative back at any point of time, if voters are not satisfied by his work.