opinion/lead/academic- research-is-necessary-but-not- sufficient/article32288191.ece
theprsblog/national-education- policy-recommendations-and- current-scenario
opinion/op-ed/how-india-can- become-self-reliant/ article31681288.ece
- In the intro, mention the expenditure on R&d as percentage of GDP in India.
- In the body of the answer mention the factors such as inadequate government expenditure, lack of participation of the private sector, lack of encouragement at the institution level etc. In the next part mention the importance of post academic research in national development, translating ideas into useful products, aiding the industries, etc.
- Conclude by mentioning the need to increase the expenditure on R&D and supporting the post-academic research along with the academic research.