- In the introduction discuss about the Shimla agreement.
- In the body explain that the Agreement was the result of the resolve of both the countries to “put an end to the conflict and confrontation that have hitherto marred their relations”. It conceived the steps to be taken for further normalization of mutual relations and it also laid down the principles that should govern their future relations. Then move on to explain what the concerns around the agreement are. Discuss why the agreement brought disadvantageous peace for India.
- Conclude that India’s failure to convert India’s victory in the 1971 war into a durable peace will continue to bear its consequences on India-Pakistan relations, one of them being India having to
confront a nuclear Pakistan.