Q.2) Regionalism can be a confidence-building measure to produce a common resolve to navigate common challenges. In light of this, list the common challenges facing the South Asian countries and also examine the role SAARC can play in stabilising the region after the US exit from Afghanistan. (10 Marks)

“Mentor’s Comments”

  • https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/can-saarc-fill-the-power-vacuum-left-by-us-withdrawal-from-afghanistan-7422040/
  • In the intro, mention the video conference of the SAARC leaders amid the pandemic.
  • In the body, mention the challenges facing the region such as unsettled territorial disputes, transborder subversive activities, ethnic cultural and religious tension, rise of ultra-nationalism etc. In the role SAARC could play mention that SAARC has developed a dense network of institutions, linkages, and mechanisms, in SAARC, had  1987 adopted a Regional Convention on Suppression of Terrorism and updated it in 2004, SAARC is also needed as institutional scaffolding to allow for the diplomacy and coordination that is needed between member-states.
  • Conclude by mentioning the need for India and Pakistan to come together under SAARC for the development of the region.
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