The Quad’s ideology of a “diamond of democracies” can only succeed if it does not insist on exclusivity in India’s strategic calculations given that India shares a special place among the Quad members when it comes to its relationship with China. Comment. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-
  • In the intro mention the recently concluded first Quad Summit.
  • In the body, mention the joint statement by the leaders at Summit that called for a region that is free, open, inclusive, healthy, anchored by democratic values. Next mention outcomes of the Summit in progress in terms of covid vaccine, climate change, critical technology. In the context of India, certain factors come into play as India is the only country sharing a border with China, only country in the region in which China is expanding its influence, only Quad member that is not part of the military alliance.
  • Conclude by mentioning the need for the other Quad members to consider India’s constraints.
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