Historical and Archaeological Findings in News

10th century Buddhist Monastery uncovered in Jharkhand’s Hazaribagh


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Buddha's Mudra, Vajrayana Sect

Mains level: Read the attached story

The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) has unearthed a Buddhist monastery, believed to be at least 900 years old, buried under a mound in a village situated in a hilly area of Hazaribagh district of Jharkhand.

Details of the excavation

  • The findings were significant since the monastery is on the old route to Varanasi, 10 km from Sarnath, where the Buddha gave his first sermon.
  • Archaeologists found four statues of the deity Tara in Varad Mudra and six statues of the Buddha in bhumisparsa Mudra
  • So it is a significant finding as deity Tara’s statues mean this was an important centre of the Vajrayana sect of Buddhism.
  • Vajrayana is a form of Tantric Buddhism, which flourished in India from the 6th to 11th century.

Tap to read more about Buddhism at:

Chapter 5 | Mauryan Period (400BC – 200BC)

Learning: Various Mudra of Buddha

PC: Pinterest

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