North-East India – Security and Developmental Issues

50th anniversary of Meghalaya’s Statehood


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: States reorganization

Mains level: Not Much

The Meghalaya Assembly has given an indigenous touch to the National Anthem ahead of the 50th anniversary of Meghalaya’s Statehood in 2022.

About Meghalaya

  • Meghalaya meaning “abode of clouds” was formed by carving out two districts from the state of Assam: the United Khasi Hills and Jaintia Hills, and the Garo Hills on 21 January 1972.
  • It was previously part of Assam, but on 21 January 1972, the districts of Khasi, Garo and Jaintia hills became the new state of Meghalaya.
  • It is the wettest region of India, with the wettest areas in the southern Khasi Hills recording an average of 12,000 mm (470 in) of rain a year.
  • About 70 percent of the state is forested.
  • The Meghalaya subtropical forests ecoregion encompasses the state; its mountain forests are distinct from the lowland tropical forests to the north and south.

Note the chronology of reorganization states in India

State Formation Year Status prior to the formation
Andhra 1953 Part of the state of Madras
Gujarat 1960 Part of the state of Bombay
Maharashtra 1960 Part of the state of Bombay
Kerala 1956 State of Travancore and Cochin
Nagaland 1963 Union territory
Haryana 1966 Part of Punjab
Karnataka 1956 State of Mysore was formed in 1953, enlarged Mysore in 1956 which was renamed in 1973.
Himachal Pradesh 1971 Union Territory
Manipur, Tripura 1972 Union Territories
Meghalaya 1972 Autonomous state within state of Assam
Sikkim 1975 Associate state since 1974 and a protectorate of India before that.
Mizoram 1987 District of Assam till 1972 and Union Territory from 1972 to 1987.
Arunachal Pradesh 1987 Union Territory
Goa 1987 Union Territory
Uttarakhand 2000 Part of Uttar Pradesh
Chhattisgarh 2000 Part of Madhya Pradesh
Jharkhand 2000 Part of Bihar
Telangana 2014 Part of Andhra Pradesh


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