From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : States reorganization
Mains level : Not Much
The Meghalaya Assembly has given an indigenous touch to the National Anthem ahead of the 50th anniversary of Meghalaya’s Statehood in 2022.
- Meghalaya meaning “abode of clouds” was formed by carving out two districts from the state of Assam: the United Khasi Hills and Jaintia Hills, and the Garo Hills on 21 January 1972.
- It was previously part of Assam, but on 21 January 1972, the districts of Khasi, Garo and Jaintia hills became the new state of Meghalaya.
- It is the wettest region of India, with the wettest areas in the southern Khasi Hills recording an average of 12,000 mm (470 in) of rain a year.
- About 70 percent of the state is forested.
- The Meghalaya subtropical forests ecoregion encompasses the state; its mountain forests are distinct from the lowland tropical forests to the north and south.
Note the chronology of reorganization states in India
|State||Formation Year||Status prior to the formation|
|Andhra||1953||Part of the state of Madras|
|Gujarat||1960||Part of the state of Bombay|
|Maharashtra||1960||Part of the state of Bombay|
|Kerala||1956||State of Travancore and Cochin|
|Haryana||1966||Part of Punjab|
|Karnataka||1956||State of Mysore was formed in 1953, enlarged Mysore in 1956 which was renamed in 1973.|
|Himachal Pradesh||1971||Union Territory|
|Manipur, Tripura||1972||Union Territories|
|Meghalaya||1972||Autonomous state within state of Assam|
|Sikkim||1975||Associate state since 1974 and a protectorate of India before that.|
|Mizoram||1987||District of Assam till 1972 and Union Territory from 1972 to 1987.|
|Arunachal Pradesh||1987||Union Territory|
|Uttarakhand||2000||Part of Uttar Pradesh|
|Chhattisgarh||2000||Part of Madhya Pradesh|
|Jharkhand||2000||Part of Bihar|
|Telangana||2014||Part of Andhra Pradesh|