Parliament – Sessions, Procedures, Motions, Committees etc

Adjournment Motion in Indian Parliament


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Adjournment motion

Mains level: Not Much

Central Idea

  • During the monsoon Session of Parliament, Opposition parties demanded discussions on alleged sexual assaults in Manipur and ongoing ethnic violence.
  • Many MPs moved adjournment motions, leading to the Lok Sabha’s adjournment.

Let’s explore the various motions raised in Indian Parliament and their significance.

(A) Short Duration Discussion (Rule 193)

  • Applicability: This procedure is available in both Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.
  • Description: A short-duration discussion can take place when the Chairman or Speaker believes that a matter is urgent and of sufficient public importance. The discussion can last for a maximum of two and a half hours.

(B) Motion with a Vote (Rule 184)

  • Applicability: This motion is relevant in Lok Sabha.
  • Description: If a motion meets certain conditions, such as not containing defamatory statements, being on a matter of recent occurrence, and not being pending before any statutory authority or court of enquiry, it can be admitted. The Speaker can then allocate a time period for the discussion. This type of motion involves a vote to determine Parliament’s position on the issue and requires the government to follow Parliament’s decision.

(C) Adjournment Motion

  • Applicability: The adjournment motion is relevant only in Lok Sabha and is not available in Rajya Sabha.
  • Description: An adjournment motion is moved to discuss a “definite matter of urgent public importance” with the Speaker’s consent. The notice for this motion must be given before 10 AM on a given day to the Lok Sabha Secretary-General. The motion must meet specific criteria to be admitted. The passage of an adjournment motion does not require the government to resign but is seen as a strong censure of the government.

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