Arabica Coffee


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Arabica and RObusta

Mains level: Coffee production in India

India’s Arabica production has hit an all-time low this coffee-picking season.

Coffee Production in India

  • Coffee is grown in three regions of India with Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu forming the traditional coffee growing region.
  • It is followed by the new areas developed in the non-traditional areas of Andhra Pradesh and Orissa in the eastern coast of the country and with a third region comprising the NE states.
  • Indian coffee, grown mostly in southern states under monsoon rainfall conditions, is also termed as “Indian monsooned coffee”.
  • The two well known species of coffee grown are the Arabica and Robusta.

History of Coffee in India

  • In the Indian context, coffee growing started with a saint, Baba Budan who, while returning from a pilgrimage to Mecca, smuggled seven coffee beans from Yemen to Mysore in India.
  • He planted them on the Chandragiri Hills now named after the saint as Baba Budan Giri in Chikkamagaluru district of Karnataka.

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