Festivals, Dances, Theatre, Literature, Art in News

Artform in news: Bidri Crafts


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Bidri Craft

Mains level: NA


Bidri craft artist from Karnataka Shah Rasheed Ahmed Quadri has been conferred with the prestigious Padma Shri Award.

Bidri Crafts

  • Bidri ware is a traditional form of handicraft that originated in Bidar, Karnataka.
  • It involves the crafting of metal wares using a unique technique that incorporates zinc and copper.

Its history

  • Bidri ware has a long history that can be traced back to the 14th century.
  • It was introduced to Bidar by Persian artisans during the reign of the Bahmani Sultans.
  • The craft flourished under the patronage of the Mughal emperors, and it became a symbol of wealth and status.

Crafting process

  • The process of making Bidri ware involves several stages. First, a mould is made of the object to be crafted.
  • Next, the object is cast in an alloy of zinc and copper.
  • The cast object is then filed and polished to remove any rough edges.
  • The design is then etched onto the surface of the object using a sharp chisel.
  • The etched areas are then filled with a blackened paste made from a mixture of copper sulphate and mud.
  • Finally, the object is polished again to remove any excess paste and to create a smooth finish.

Designs and motifs

  • Bidriware is known for its intricate designs and motifs, which are often inspired by nature, Islamic art, and Persian calligraphy.
  • Common motifs include flowers, leaves, and geometric patterns.
  • Many pieces also feature verses from the Quran or other Islamic texts.

Recognition and awards

  • Bidri ware has received several awards and recognition for its craftsmanship and cultural significance.
  • In 2006, it was awarded the Geographical Indication status by the Indian government, which recognizes its unique origin and traditional crafting techniques.
  • Bidriware has also been recognized by UNESCO as an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.




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