From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Nagoya Protocol, CBD
Mains level : NA
- Cameroon’s recent adoption of the Nagoya Protocol marks a significant step towards harnessing its rich biodiversity for sustainable development.
Cameroon’s Biodiversity Wealth
- Biodiversity Hotspot: Cameroon hosts approximately 11,000 species, offering immense genetic resources for research and development.
- Traditional Knowledge: Indigenous communities possess invaluable traditional knowledge associated with biodiversity, contributing to bioprospecting (search for useful products derived from bioresources including plants, microorganisms, animals, etc.).
- Bioprospecting Potential: Bioprospecting projects, such as those focusing on species like Irvingia wombulu, present opportunities for sustainable resource utilization.
About Nagoya Protocol
|Implements access and benefit-sharing obligations of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
|Entry into Force
|October 12, 2014
|Legally binding global agreement
|Ensures fair and equitable sharing of benefits from the utilization of genetic resources
|India is a member
Key Facts about Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD):
|Opened for signing in 1992 at the UN Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro
|Conservation of biological diversity,
Sustainable use of biological diversity,
Fair and equitable benefit sharing
|196 contracting parties
|Covers biodiversity conservation at all levels:
Ecosystems, Species, and Genetic resources
|Conference of the Parties (COP)
|Based in Montreal, Canada