Climate Change Negotiations – UNFCCC, COP, Other Conventions and Protocols

Cameroon adopts Nagoya Protocol


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Nagoya Protocol, CBD

Mains level: NA


  • Cameroon’s recent adoption of the Nagoya Protocol marks a significant step towards harnessing its rich biodiversity for sustainable development.

Cameroon’s Biodiversity Wealth

  • Biodiversity Hotspot: Cameroon hosts approximately 11,000 species, offering immense genetic resources for research and development.
  • Traditional Knowledge: Indigenous communities possess invaluable traditional knowledge associated with biodiversity, contributing to bioprospecting (search for useful products derived from bioresources including plants, microorganisms, animals, etc.).
  • Bioprospecting Potential: Bioprospecting projects, such as those focusing on species like Irvingia wombulu, present opportunities for sustainable resource utilization.

About Nagoya Protocol

Purpose Implements access and benefit-sharing obligations of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
Adoption October 2010
Entry into Force October 12, 2014
Legal Status Legally binding global agreement
Objective Ensures fair and equitable sharing of benefits from the utilization of genetic resources
Membership India is a member
  • Establishes a framework for accessing genetic resources for research
  • Provides certainty for investment in biodiversity-based research
  • Ensures fair sharing of benefits from resource use
  • Recognizes the value of traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources
  • Genetic resources covered by the CBD
  • Benefits arising from their utilization
  • Traditional knowledge (TK) associated with genetic resources covered by the CBD and benefits from their utilization


Key Facts about Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD):

Adoption Date Opened for signing in 1992 at the UN Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro
Objectives Conservation of biological diversity,

Sustainable use of biological diversity,

Fair and equitable benefit sharing

Membership 196 contracting parties
Scope Covers biodiversity conservation at all levels:

Ecosystems, Species, and Genetic resources

Decision-Making Body Conference of the Parties (COP)
Secretariat Based in Montreal, Canada
Supporting Agreements
  • Cartagena Protocol (2000) for regulating LMOs movement,
  • Nagoya Protocol (2010) for access and benefit sharing

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