Financial Inclusion in India and Its Challenges

Centre restores Modified Interest Subvention Scheme (MISS)


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Modified Interest Subvention Scheme (MISS)

Mains level: Not Much

The Union Cabinet has decided to restore the interest subvention on short-term agriculture loans to 1.5% for all financial institutions, including cooperative banks.

What is the news?

  • The Union Cabinet has approved to restore Interest Subvention on short term agriculture loans to 1.5% for all financial institutions.
  • Thus, Interest Subvention of 1.5% will be provided to lending institutions for the financial year 2022-23 to 2024-25 for lending short term agri-loans upto Rs 3 lakh to the farmers.

What is MISS?

  • Kisan Credit Card scheme was introduced for farmers, to empower them to purchase agriculture products and services on credit at any time.
  • To ensure that the farmers have to pay a minimal interest rate to the bank, the GoI introduced Interest Subvention Scheme (ISS), now renamed as Modified Interest Subvention Scheme (MISS).
  • It aims to provide short term credit to farmers at subsidized interest rates.

Features of MISS

  • Under this scheme, short term agriculture loan upto Rs. 3.00 lakh is available to farmers engaged in Agriculture and other allied activities including Animal Husbandry, Dairying, Poultry, fisheries etc. at the rate of 7% p.a.
  • An additional 3% subvention (Prompt Repayment Incentive – PRI) is also given to the farmers for prompt and timely repayment of loans.
  • Therefore, if a farmer repays his loan on time, he gets credit at the rate of 4% p.a.
  • For enabling this facility to the farmers, GoI provides Interest Subvention (IS) to the Financial Institutions offering this scheme.
  • This support is 100% funded by the Centre, it is also the second largest scheme of DA&FW as per budget outlay and coverage of beneficiaries.

Benefits of MISS

  • Ensuring hassle-free credit availability at cheaper rate to farmers has been the top priority of GoI.
  • Increase in Interest Subvention will ensure sustainability of credit flow in the agriculture sector as well as ensure financial health and viability of the lending institutions.
  • Banks will be able to absorb increase in cost of funds and will be encouraged to grant loans to farmers for short term agriculture requirements and enable more farmers to get the benefit of agriculture credit.
  • This will also lead to generation of employment since short term agri-loans are provided for all activities including Animal Husbandry, Dairying, Poultry, fisheries.
  • Farmers will continue to avail short term agriculture credit at interest rate of 4% per annum while repaying the loan in time.

Who gets the subvention?

  • The lending institutions include- Public Sector Banks, Private Sector Bank, Small Finance Banks, Regional Rural Banks, Cooperative Banks and Computerized PACS directly ceded with commercial banks.


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