Renewable Energy – Wind, Tidal, Geothermal, etc.

Clean energy innovation slowing, report warns


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Not much

Mains level : Paper 3- Slowing innovation in clean energy

Major findings of the report

  • It is a joint report titled “Patents and the energy transition” released by the European Patent Office and the International Energy Agency.
  • The average annual growth rate of patents for low carbon emissions technologies has fallen to 3.3 percent since 2017, the rate was 12.5 percent in the period 2000-2013.
  • The report found that around 35 percent of the cumulative CO2 emissions reductions needed to shift to a sustainable path to reach net-zero emissions by 2070 are still currently at the prototype or demonstration phase.
  • The report found that energy efficiency and fuel-switching technologies remained at the top of patent activities, accounting for about 60 percent of the total.

Shifting trend withing renewable

  • Patent activity in renewable energy technologies such as wind and solar has been in decline for nearly a decade however, and represented just 17 percent of the total in 2019, report found.
  • The key driver of patent growth since 2017 has been innovation in cross-cutting technologies such as batteries, hydrogen and smart grids, along with carbon-capture, utilisation and storage.


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