Wildlife Conservation Efforts

Conservation of Migratory Species (CMS) COP14 begins in Uzbekistan


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Conservation of Migratory Species (CMS)

Mains level: NA


  • The Fourteenth Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (COP14) will be hosted by the Government of Uzbekistan, in Samarkand from 12-17 February 2024
  • CMS COP is a Triennial Event.

About Conservation of Migratory Species (CMS)

  • Intergovernmental treaty under UNEP, known as the Bonn Convention
  • Signed in 1979, in force since 1983
  • 133 Parties as of March 2022, including India since 1983
  • Conserve terrestrial, marine, and avian migratory species
  • Lay legal foundation for global conservation measures
Legal Instruments under CMS Range from legally binding Agreements to less formal MoUs
  1. Appendix I: Threatened Migratory Species
  2. Appendix II: Migratory Species requiring international cooperation
India and the CMS
  • Signed non-legally binding MoUs with CMS for various species conservation (Siberian Cranes, Marine Turtles, Dugongs, Raptors)
  • Hosts several migratory species
  • India hosted the last COP 13 of CMS in February 2020 at Gandhinagar, Gujarat.
Migratory Species Wild animals whose populations cyclically and predictably cross national boundaries
Efforts made by India  
  • National Action Plan for Conservation of Migratory Birds (2018-2023)
  • Marine Turtle Policy and Marine Stranding Management Policy
  • Project Snow Leopard
  • Dugong Conservation Reserve

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