Animal Husbandry, Dairy & Fisheries Sector – Pashudhan Sanjivani, E- Pashudhan Haat, etc

Criollo: Cattle Breed that can withstand Climate Change


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Criollo Cattle Breed

Mains level: NA

Why in the news?

Irish researchers discovered that Criollo cattle are well-adapted to Climate Change due to their ability to thrive in hot and humid conditions, which they have developed over many years.

About Criollo Cattle Breed

Origin Latin America, particularly in regions such as Mexico, Central America, and parts of South America
Historical Context
  • Criollo cattle trace their roots back to the arrival of Spanish cattle in the Americas during the 15th and 16th centuries.
  • Initially brought from La Gomera in the Spanish Canary Islands, adapted to diverse environments.
Physical Appearance
  • Small to medium-sized cattle with a compact body structure
  • Adapted to various climates, including tropical and subtropical regions
  • Short, sleek coat, often in various colors such as black, brown, or red
Adaptability Known for their resilience and ability to thrive in harsh environments

Well-suited to extensive grazing systems and low-input management practices

Disease Resistance Developed natural resistance to various diseases prevalent in their native regions, such as tick-borne illnesses and parasites
Economic Importance
  • Valued for their ability to utilize low-quality forages and adaptability to diverse environments
  • Serve as a sustainable source of meat and dairy products for local communities




What is/are unique about ‘Kharai camel’, a breed found in India?

1. It is capable of swimming up to three kilometres in seawater.

2. It survives by grazing on mangroves.

3. It lives in the wild and cannot be domesticated.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3


Practice MCQ:

The Criollo cattle breed has recently found mention in the news for its:

(a) Breeding Capacity

(b) Nutrients-rich Milk

(c) Adaptability to Climate Change

(d) Life Expectancy

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