Forest Fires

Fire Ready Formula by UNEP

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : UNEP’s Fire Ready Formula

Mains level : Wildfires prevention

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has called on global governments to adopt a new ‘Fire Ready Formula,’ as it warned that incidences of wildfires would rise in the future.

What is the Fire Ready Formula?

  • The new formula envisages that 66 per cent of spending be devoted to planning, prevention, preparedness and recovery.
  • The remaining 34 per cent can be spent on response.

New “Fire Ready Formula” focuses on Planning and Prevention  

Serial No Budget item Percentage share of the total on  wildfire management  recommended
1 Planning 1 %
2 Prevention 32 %
3 Preparedness 13 %
4 Response 34 %
5 Recovery 20 %

Why need such a formula?

  • The UNEP report projected that the number of wildfires is likely to increase by up to 14 per cent by 2030.
  • Integrated wildfire management was key to adapting to current and future changes in global wildfire risk, the UNEP.
  • There is a need to invest more in fire risk reduction, work with local communities and strengthen global commitment to fight climate change.
  • Achieving and sustaining adaptive land and fire management requires a combination of policies, a legal framework and incentives that encourage appropriate land and fire use.

Back2Basics: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

  • UNEP is responsible for coordinating responses to environmental issues within the United Nations system.
  • It was established by Maurice Strong, its first director, after the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm in June 1972.
  • Its mandate is to provide leadership, deliver science and develop solutions on a wide range of issues, including climate change, the management of marine and terrestrial ecosystems, and green economic development.
  • UNEP hosts the secretariats of several multilateral environmental agreements and research bodies, including:

1.      Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD),

2.      Minamata Convention on Mercury,

3.      Convention on Migratory Species and

4.      Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)

  • In 1988, the World Meteorological Organization and UNEP established the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
  • UNEP is also one of several Implementing Agencies for the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol.

 

UPSC 2022 countdown has begun! Get your personal guidance plan now! (Click here)

Subscribe
Notify of
0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments