From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : UNEP’s Fire Ready Formula
Mains level : Wildfires prevention
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has called on global governments to adopt a new ‘Fire Ready Formula,’ as it warned that incidences of wildfires would rise in the future.
What is the Fire Ready Formula?
- The new formula envisages that 66 per cent of spending be devoted to planning, prevention, preparedness and recovery.
- The remaining 34 per cent can be spent on response.
New “Fire Ready Formula” focuses on Planning and Prevention
|Serial No||Budget item||Percentage share of the total on wildfire management recommended|
Why need such a formula?
- The UNEP report projected that the number of wildfires is likely to increase by up to 14 per cent by 2030.
- Integrated wildfire management was key to adapting to current and future changes in global wildfire risk, the UNEP.
- There is a need to invest more in fire risk reduction, work with local communities and strengthen global commitment to fight climate change.
- Achieving and sustaining adaptive land and fire management requires a combination of policies, a legal framework and incentives that encourage appropriate land and fire use.
Back2Basics: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
1. Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD),
2. Minamata Convention on Mercury,
3. Convention on Migratory Species and
4. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)