Genetically Modified (GM) crops – cotton, mustards, etc.

Genetic Resources Commission gathers in Rome


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Commission on Genetic Resources

Mains level: NA


Central Idea

  • Delegates from around the world have convened in Rome, Italy for the 19th session of the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (CGRFA).

What is Commission on Genetic Resources?

Establishment Established in 1983 by the FAO
Membership 181 member countries including India
Governing Body Bureau consisting of Chairperson, Vice-Chairpersons, and FAO representative
Mandate Promote conservation and sustainable use of genetic resources for food and agriculture
ITPGRFA Responsible for implementing the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
Functions Address specific areas such as plant genetic resources, animal genetic resources, and digital sequence information
Global Goals Contributes to SDG 2 on Zero Hunger and sustainable agricultural development


Focus areas

  • The session will focus on three main topics:
  1. Review of work on biodiversity, nutrition, and human health.
  2. Access and benefit-sharing for food and agriculture.
  3. Digital sequence information for food and agriculture.
  4. Biodiversity for food and agriculture.
  5. The role of genetic resources in mitigating and adapting to climate change.
  6. Forest genetic resources.
  7. Microorganism and invertebrate genetic resources, including pollinators and biological control agents.
  8. Animal genetic resources

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