Land Reforms

Geoportals for Enhanced Rural Land Records and Emergency Management


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Bhuvan Panchayat; NDEM

Why in the News?

  • The Union Ministry of Science and Technology launched two Geoportals: ‘Bhuvan Panchayat (Ver. 4.0)’ for rural land records and ‘National Database for Emergency Management (NDEM Ver. 5.0)’.
    • These portals were developed by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).
    • These geospatial tools provide high-resolution satellite imagery of 1:10K scale for various locations across the country.

About Bhuvan Panchayat (Ver. 4.0)

  • This portal supports “Space-based Information Support for Decentralized Planning (SISDP)”.
  • It aims to empower citizens at the grassroots level by providing real-time land record data and reducing dependency on local administration and corruption.
  • It promotes ease of living through digitalisation and better land revenue management.
  • By providing real-time data accessible to citizens, it reduces opportunities for corruption at the local level.
  • It enhances transparency and efficiency in land record management, aiding in effective governance and planning.

About National Database for Emergency Management (NDEM Ver. 5.0)

  • This portal provides space-based inputs on natural disasters, aiding in disaster risk reduction in India and neighbouring countries.
  • It establishes an effective early warning system to proactively prevent disasters and monitor land use changes.
  • A command centre has been established to monitor situations and provide valuable inputs continuously.
  • The portal is designed to assist not only India but also neighbouring countries in disaster management.
  • It enhances coordination between various agencies and local authorities for effective disaster response and management.


[2023] With reference to the Digital India Land Records Modernisation Programme, consider the following statements :

  1. To implement the scheme, the Central Government provides 100% funding.
  2. Under the Scheme, Cadastral Maps are digitized.
  3. An initiative has been undertaken to transliterate the Records of Rights from local language to any of the languages recognized by the Constitution of India.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2, and 3

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