Health Sector – UHC, National Health Policy, Family Planning, Health Insurance, etc.

Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI)


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: GAVI

Mains level: Global collaboration against COVID

Union Health Minister has been nominated by the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation (GAVI) as a member of the GAVI Board.

Q.The Covid-19 pandemic has exposed the limitations of global cooperation. Critically analyse.


  • GAVI is a public-private global health partnership with the goal of increasing access to immunization in poor countries.
  • GAVI has observer status at the World Health Assembly.
  • GAVI has been praised for being innovative, effective, and less bureaucratic than multilateral government institutions like the WHO.
  • Members: the WHO, UNICEF, the World Bank, the vaccine industry in both industrialized and developing countries, and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation among others.
  • GAVI programs can often produce quantified, politically appealing, easy-to-explain results within an election cycle, which is appealing to parties locked in an election cycle.

Its function

  • It currently supports the immunization of almost half the world’s children, giving it the power to negotiate better prices for the world’s poorest countries and remove the commercial risks of manufacturers.
  • It also provides funding to strengthen health systems and train health workers across the developing world.

Significance of India’s membership

  • The GAVI Board is responsible for the strategic direction and policymaking oversees the operations of the Vaccine Alliance and monitors program implementation.
  • With membership drawn from a range of partner organizations, as well as experts from the private sector, the Board provides a forum for balanced strategic decision making, innovation, and partner collaboration.

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