From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : ILO
Mains level : India and ILO
After 35 years, India has assumed the Chairmanship of the Governing Body of International Labour Organization (ILO).
Try this PYQ:
Q.The Partnership for Action on Green Economy (PAGE), a UN mechanism to assist countries transition towards a greener and more inclusive economies, emerged at:
(a) The Earth Summit on Sustainable Development 2002, Johannesburg
(b) The United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development 2012, Rio de Janeiro
(c) The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 2015, Paris
(d) The World Sustainable Development Summit 2016, New Delhi
About the International Labour Organization
- The ILO is a UN agency whose mandate is to advance social and economic justice through setting international labour standards.
- Founded in 1919 under the League of Nations, it is the first and oldest specialised agency of the UN.
- The ILO has 187 member states: 186 out of 193 UN member states plus the Cook Islands.
- The ILO’s international labour standards are broadly aimed at ensuring accessible, productive, and sustainable work worldwide in conditions of freedom, equity, security and dignity.
About its Governing Body
- The Governing body is the apex executive body of the ILO which decides policies, programmes, agenda, budget and elects the Director-General.
- It meets three times a year, in March, June and November.
Significance for India
- India will be presiding over the upcoming meeting of the Governing Body to be held in November 2020.
- India would have the opportunity to interact with the senior officials and social partners of the member states.
- It will also provide a platform to apprise participants of the transformational initiatives taken by the Government in removing the rigidities of the labour market.