Water Management – Institutional Reforms, Conservation Efforts, etc.

In news: Nohar Irrigation Project


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Nohar Irrigation Project, Indira Gandhi Canal

Mains level: Lift Irrigation Projects in India



  • The Nohar irrigation project, supplying water to the agricultural fields in Hanumangarh district of Rajasthan, is getting a boost with the repairing of Ferozepur feeder in neighbouring Punjab.

About Nohar Irrigation Project

Location Located in the Nohar region of the Hanumangarh district in the state of Rajasthan, India.
Purpose To improve irrigation facilities in the region, thereby increasing agricultural productivity and supporting the livelihoods of local farmers.
Irrigation Methods Canal irrigation and the construction of check dams, reservoirs, and water storage facilities.
Water Source Indira Gandhi Canal
Rivers Situated near the Ghaggar-Hakra River

A seasonal river originating in the Shivalik Hills

Back2Basics: Indira Gandhi Canal

Origin Harike Barrage, Punjab
History Conceived by hydraulic engineer Kanwar Sain in the late 1940s, construction began in 1960
Length 612 km

Longest canal in India

Rivers Utilizes water from the Sutlej, Beas, and Ravi rivers
Location Punjab, Haryana, and Rajasthan
Purpose Irrigation and water supply
Renaming Renamed from Rajasthan Canal to Indira Gandhi Canal in 1984 after the assassination of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi

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