Foreign Policy Watch: India-Afghanistan

India signs MoU with World Food Programme for sending wheat to Afghanistan


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: World Food Program

Mains level: India's assistance to Afghanistan

India signed an MoU with the World Food Programme (WFP) to send 10,000 metric tonnes of wheat to Afghanistan.

Reason: Utilizing WFP supply chain

  • The MoU signed between India and the World Food Programme (WFP) paves the way for sending 10,000 metric tonnes of wheat for the people of Afghanistan.
  • The WFP has a massive supply chain and logistics infrastructure in Afghanistan that could help in ensuring that the food supply reaches those who need it the most and no one is excluded.
  • The MoU also ensures that the assistance is coordinated and delivered in an effective and efficient manner, and that it reaches the most vulnerable sections of the Afghan population.

What is World Food Programme (WFP)?

  • The WFP is a humanitarian organization that is part of the United Nations system.
  • It was established in 1961 and has its headquarters in Rome, Italy.
  • The WFP is the world’s largest humanitarian agency focused on combating hunger and promoting food security.

Scope of Operations

  • The WFP operates in more than 80 countries, delivering food assistance to people in need.
  • WFP programs reach over 97 million people each year, including children, pregnant and nursing women, and people affected by emergencies, such as conflict or natural disasters.
  • It provides a range of food assistance, including in-kind food assistance, cash and voucher-based transfers, and specialized nutritious foods.

Funding and Support

  • The WFP is funded entirely by voluntary contributions from governments, companies, and individuals.
  • The organization works closely with donors to ensure that funding is used effectively and efficiently, and to ensure that it is directed to the areas and programs where it is needed most.

Governance and Structure

  • The WFP is governed by an Executive Board, which is composed of 36 member states that are elected to three-year terms.
  • The Executive Board provides oversight and strategic direction to the organization, and approves the WFP’s programs and budgets.
  • The WFP is headed by an Executive Director, who is appointed by the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
  • The organization has more than 17,000 staff worldwide, including professionals in fields such as logistics, nutrition, and food security.

Impact and Achievements

  • Over the years, the WFP has made significant contributions to addressing hunger and promoting food security worldwide.
  • The organization has responded to numerous emergencies, providing food assistance to millions of people affected by conflict, natural disasters, and other crises.
  • The WFP has also supported programs that help people access the food they need to lead healthy, active lives, and that promote sustainable agriculture and development.
  • The WFP has been recognized for its efforts, receiving the Nobel Peace Prize in 2020 in recognition of its contributions to combatting hunger and promoting peace.



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