From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Mains level : Paper 3- Leaders Summit on Climate
Leaders Summit on Climate
- Leaders Summit on Climate included 40 heads of state and government.
- At the summit, President of the United State and Indian Prime Minister launched the ‘India-U.S. climate and clean energy Agenda 2030 partnership’.
- The goal of the partnership are given below:
- 1) Mobilise finance and speed clean energy deployment.
- 2) Demonstrate and scale innovative clean technologies needed to decarbonise sectors, including industry, transportation, power, and buildings.
- 3) Build capacity to measure, manage, and adapt to the risks of climate-related impacts.
India’s progress on NDC
- Despite development challenges, India has taken many bold steps on clean energy, energy efficiency, afforestation and bio-diversity.
- That is among the few countries whose NDCs are 2-degree-Celsius compatible.
- India is targeting a 2030 GDP emissions intensity ( i.e., volume of emissions per unit of GDP) that is 33%-35% below 2005 levels.
- It also seeks to have 40% of power generated from non-fossil fuel sources by 2030.
- India’s per capita carbon footprint is 60% lower than the global average.