ISRO Missions and Discoveries

ISRO’s NICES Programme Combatting Climate Change


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: NICES Programs

Mains level: NA

Why in the news?

The National Information System for Climate and Environment Studies (NICES) Program has extended invitations to Indian researchers to contribute to climate change mitigation efforts.

What is NICES Program?

  • The NICES Programme is operated by the ISRO and the Department of Space.
  • It was launched in 2012.
  • It operates within the framework of the National Action Plan on Climate Change.
  • NICES aims to enhance the participation of Indian researchers in addressing climate change-related challenges through multidisciplinary scientific investigations.
  • Focus Areas: Potential areas for project submission include Space-based Essential Climate Variables (ECVs) and Climate Indicators, Climate Change Challenges, Weather Extremes, and Climate Services.

Activities held under NICES Program

  • NICES invites project proposals from Indian scientists, academicians, and researchers affiliated with various governmental organizations, recognized institutions, universities, and departments.
  • Project proposals should address climate change-related challenges.
  • These projects are expected be completed within 3 years from the date of sanction.

Objective and Functionality

  • The primary objective of the NICES Programme is to generate and disseminate long-term Essential Climate Variables (ECVs) derived from Indian and other Earth Observation (EO) satellites.
  • These variables, spanning terrestrial, oceanic, and atmospheric domains, are crucial for characterizing Earth’s climate and monitoring changes over time.

Achievements and Impact:

  • Since its inception in 2012, NICES has developed over 70 geophysical products meeting stringent quality standards.
  • These products have been instrumental in documenting climate change and its impacts, contributing to scientific understanding and evidence-based decision-making.


2021: Describe the major outcomes of the 26th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). What are the commitments made by India in this conference?


Practice MCQ:

The NICES Program is an initiative of:

(a) Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)

(b) Indian Meteorological Department (IMD)

(c) Department of Science and Technology (DST)

(d) None of the above.

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