Renewable Energy – Wind, Tidal, Geothermal, etc.

Just Energy Transition Partnership (JETP)


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Just Energy Transition Partnership (JETP)

Mains level: NA

just energy

Central Idea

  • Senegal has joined the Just Energy Transition Partnership (JETP) deal, becoming the fourth country to sign after South Africa, Indonesia, and Vietnam.
  • The deal aims to mobilize 5 billion euros in new financing for Senegal.

What is Just Energy Transition Partnership (JETP)?

  • JETP is a financing mechanism that aims to support developing countries in their transition from fossil fuel-based energy systems to clean and renewable energy sources.
  • JETP is designed to bridge the gap between wealthier nations and coal-dependent developing nations, addressing both the environmental and social aspects of the energy transition.

JETP Mechanism and Social Considerations

  • JETPs provide financing to developing countries to phase out coal and transition to clean energy.
  • Social aspects, such as protecting affected communities and providing job opportunities, are crucial in JETP plans.
  • Reskilling, upskilling, and creating new jobs are essential components of a just energy transition.

Funding Sources and Donor Pool

  • JETP funding can be provided through grants, loans, or investments.
  • The International Partners Group (IPG) and the Glasgow Financial Alliance for Net Zero (GFANZ) Working Group are key contributors.
  • The IPG includes countries such as Japan, the USA, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Norway, the EU, and the UK.
  • The GFANZ Working Group comprises multilateral and national development banks and finance agencies.

JETP Success Stories

  • South Africa was the first country to enter into a JETP at COP 26 Glasgow, with a pledge of 8.5 billion USD in financing.
  • Indonesia announced its JETP at the G20 Bali Summit, receiving an initial 20 billion USD in public and private financing.
  • Vietnam joined the JETP initiative, securing an initial fund of 15.5 billion USD over the next three to five years.

Prospects for India’s Participation

  • Talks of a JET-P deal with India are ongoing but have not reached a final conclusion.
  • Challenges include the complexity of India’s coal-based power sector and financing in the form of loans.
  • India seeks favorable conditions and no compromise on energy security and development.

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