Festivals, Dances, Theatre, Literature, Art in News

Kalaripayattu gains popularity in Haryana

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From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Kalaripayattu

Mains level : Not Much

Kalaripayattu gains popularity in Haryana

Introduction

  • The introduction of Kalaripayattu, a southern Indian martial arts form, into the Khelo India games in 2021 has led to its growing popularity among boys and girls in Haryana.

About Kalaripayattu

  • Originates from ancient knowledge of the human body.
  • Originated in Kerala during the 3rd century BC, lasting until the 2nd century AD; currently practiced in parts of Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
  • Practiced in a ‘Kalari’, a term in Malayalam indicating a gymnasium or a symbolic battlefield.
  • The term ‘Kalari’ appears in Tamil Sangam literature, denoting both a battlefield and a combat arena.
  • Considered one of the oldest martial arts in the world.
  • Known as the precursor to modern Kung Fu, often referred to as the “Father of Modern Kung Fu.”
  • Integrates Hindu rituals and philosophies, alongside medicinal practices derived from Ayurveda.
  • Incorporates elements from yoga and finger movements from Nata dances.

Weapons used:

Weapons are categorized into four groups:

  • Cutting, Slicing, and Piercing: Swords and daggers.
  • Pole Weapons: Spears and axes.
  • Bludgeoning Instruments: Sticks and maces.
  • Projectiles: Arrows, discuses, catapults, boomerangs, and other hand-thrown weapons.

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