Parliament – Sessions, Procedures, Motions, Committees etc

Kerala tops in holding Assembly sittings in 2021


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: State Assemblies for 2021 Report

Mains level: States Legislature efficiency

Kerala, which slipped to the eighth slot in holding Assembly sittings during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, returned to the top spot in 2021, with its House sitting for 61 days, the highest in the country.

State Assemblies for 2021 Report

  • The report on the functioning of State Assemblies for 2021 is published by the PRS Legislative Research (PRS), a New Delhi-based think tank.

How did other states fare?

  • Odisha followed Kerala with 43 sitting days; Karnataka 40, and Tamil Nadu 34 days.
  • But for the top three States, the average number of sittings of State legislatures would have been far lower than the present figure of 21 days.
  • Of the 28 State Assemblies and one Union Territory’s legislature, 17 met for less than 20 days.
  • Of them, five — Andhra Pradesh, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura and Delhi — met for less than 10 days.
  • The figures for Uttar Pradesh, Manipur and Punjab were 17, 16 and 11, respectively.
  • Andhra Pradesh with 20 ordinances and Maharashtra with 15 followed Kerala.

Why is this ranking significant?

  • The National Commission to Review the Working of the Constitution (2000-02), headed by former Chief Justice of India M.N. Venkatachaliah, had prescribed the standards for working of legislatures.
  • The Houses of State (/Union Territory) legislatures with less than 70 members, for example, Puducherry, should meet for at least 50 days a year and other Houses (Tamil Nadu), at least 90 days.
  • The Presiding Officers’ conference, held in Gandhinagar in January 2016, suggested State legislatures hold a minimum of 60 days of sittings in a year.
  • Between 2016 and 2021, the PRS points out, 23 State Assemblies met for an average of 25 days.
  • As for the ordinance route, which should be, according to the Supreme Court, used under exceptional circumstances, 21 out of 28 States promulgated ordinances last year.


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