Wildlife Conservation Efforts

Ladakh adopts State Animal and Bird


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Snow leopard, black-necked crane

Mains level: Not Much

Ladakh has adopted two endangered species, snow leopard and black-necked crane, as State animal and State bird, two years after it was carved out as a separate Union Territory (UT) from the erstwhile State of J&K.

Snow Leopard

  • The snow leopard (Panther unica) and black-necked crane (Grus nicricollis).
  • Snow leopard, whose numbers are dwindling worldwide, has been categorized as “vulnerable” in the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List.
  • In total, there are about 7,500 snow leopards left in the world, out of which 500 are in India.
  • However, experts state that the population of snow leopards is between 200-300 in Ladakh alone.

Black-necked Crane

  • The black-necked crane is found in eastern Ladakh’s high-altitude wetlands and marshes.
  • It is mostly listed as Near Threatened on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) red list.
  • Considered loyal couples, they are only found in Ladakh’s Changthang region. They arrive in March for breeding and migrate by October end or early November.
  • It was the State bird of J&K before August 5, 2019.

About Ladakh

  • Ladakh was established as a union territory of India on 31 October 2019, following the passage of the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Act.
  • Prior to that, it was part of the Jammu and Kashmir state. Ladakh is the largest and the second least populous union territory of India.
  • It extends from the Siachen Glacier in the Karakoram range to the north to the main Great Himalayas to the south.
  • The eastern end, consisting of the uninhabited Aksai Chin plains, is claimed by the Indian Government as part of Ladakh and has been under Chinese control since 1962.
  • The largest town in Ladakh is Leh, followed by Kargil, each of which headquarters is a district.
  • The Leh district contains the Indus, Shyok and Nubra river valleys. The Kargil district contains the Suru, Dras and Zanskar river valleys.

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1 year ago

Snow leopard is also the state animal of Himachal Pradesh.


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