Food Procurement and Distribution – PDS & NFSA, Shanta Kumar Committee, FCI restructuring, Buffer stock, etc.

Odisha tops first-ever NFSA State Ranking Index


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: NFSA

Mains level: Food and nutrition security of India

Odisha has topped the list of 34 states and Union territories (UTs) in the first-ever NFSA State Ranking Index. Ladakh was ranked last on the index.

NFSA State Ranking Index

  • The GoI has come up with a first-ever state ranking index to capture the implementation of the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) under the National Food Security Act (NFSA).
  • The states and UTs were ranked for 2022 on the basis of three parameters:
  1. NFSA coverage, rightful targeting and implementation of all provisions under the Act
  2. The delivery platform while considering the allocation of food grains, their movement and last-mile delivery to fair price shops
  3. Nutrition initiatives of the department

Why need such index?

  • NFSA is a crucial policy instrument to ensure food security. It covers nearly 800 million people.
  • However, NFSA’s implementation through TPDS has not been uniform in the country.
  • While some states and Union territories lead, others are yet to pick up in terms of coverage, beneficiary satisfaction, digitisation and overall system efficiency.
  • The index has been developed to create an environment of competition, cooperation and learning among states while addressing matters of food security and hunger.

Back2Basics: National Food Security (NFS) Act

  • The NFS Act, 2013 aims to provide subsidized food grains to approximately two-thirds of India’s 1.2 billion people.
  • It converts into legal entitlements for existing food security programs of the GoI.
  • It includes the Midday Meal Scheme, Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) scheme and the Public Distribution System (PDS).
  • Further, the NFSA 2013 recognizes maternity entitlements.
  • The Midday Meal Scheme and the ICDS are universal in nature whereas the PDS will reach about two-thirds of the population (75% in rural areas and 50% in urban areas).
  • Pregnant women, lactating mothers, and certain categories of children are eligible for daily free cereals.

Key provisions of NFSA

  • The NFSA provides a legal right to persons belonging to “eligible households” to receive foodgrains at a subsidised price.
  • It includes rice at Rs 3/kg, wheat at Rs 2/kg and coarse grain at Rs 1/kg — under the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS). These are called central issue prices (CIPs).



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