Corruption Challenges – Lokpal, POCA, etc

[pib] Lokpal-Online: Platform for management of complaints


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Online Lokpal

Mains level: Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act, 2013

The (first) Chairperson, Lokpal of India, Justice Pinaki Chandra Ghose has inaugurated’ a digital Platform for Management of Complaints called ‘Lokpal-Online’.


  • Lokpal-Online is an end-to-end digital solution for the management of complaints against public servants filed under the Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act, 2013.
  • It is a web-based facility, which will quicken the disposal of complaints in an accountable, transparent and efficient manner with benefits to all stakeholders.
  • It facilitates handling of complaints during the complete lifecycle of the Complaint, right from its filing to the final disposal.
  • It aims to bring more transparency and efficiency to the complaint handling mechanism.

Notable features of Online-Lokpal

  • Convenience to complainants for filing complaints online from anywhere anytime
  • Information to the complainant about action on the complaint at every stage through e-mails and SMS
  • Facility to the complainant to ascertain the status of complaint at anytime
  • Identity of the complaint is kept confidential
  • The CVC, CBI and other inquiry agencies can upload their reports directly on the ‘Lokpal-Online’ platform.
  • Reminders to inquiry agencies through e-mails and SMS
  • Generation of analytical reports as per requirement

Back2Basics: Lokpal

  • The Lokpal, the apex body to inquire and investigate graft complaints against public functionaries, came into being with the appointment of its chairperson and members in March 2019.
  • In March 2019, former SC judge Justice Pinaki Chandra Ghose was selected as the first head of the Lokpal.

Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act, 2013

  • The Lokpal Act 2013 is anti-corruption legislation that seeks to provide for the establishment of the institution of Lokpal.
  • It seeks to inquire into allegations of corruption against certain important public functionaries including the PM, cabinet ministers, MPs, Group A officials of the Central Government, etc.
  • The Bill was introduced in the parliament following massive public protests led by anti-corruption crusader Anna Hazare and his associates.
  • The Bill is one of the most widely discussed and debated Bills in India in recent times.

Its history

  • The term Lokpal was coined in 1963 by Laxmi Mall Singhvi, a member of parliament during a parliamentary debate about grievance mechanisms.
  • The Administrative Reforms Commission (ARC) headed by Morarji Desai submitted an interim report on “Problems of Redressal of Citizen’s Grievances” in 1966.
  • In this report, ARC recommended the creation of two special authorities designated as ‘Lokpal’ and ‘Lokayukta’ for a redress of citizens’ grievances.
  • Maharashtra was the first state to introduce Lokayukta through The Maharashtra Lokayukta and Upa-Lokayuktas Act in 1971.


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