Mains Paper 2: Governance | Issues relating to development & management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Unnat Bharat Abhiyan 2.0
Mains level: Holistic development of rural India through capacity building with help of various premier institutes
The Government has successfully launched Unnat Bharat Abhiyan 2.0.
Unnat Bharat Abhiyan 2.0
- Unnat Bharat Abhiyan is a flagship programme of the Ministry of HRD, which aims to link the Higher Education Institutions with a set of at least 5 villages so that these institutions can contribute to the economic and social betterment of these village communities using their knowledge base.
- It is a significant initiative where all Higher Learning Institutes have been involved for participation in development activities, particularly in rural areas.
- It also aims to create a virtuous cycle between the society and an inclusive university system, with the latter providing knowledge base; practices for emerging livelihoods and to upgrade the capabilities of both the public and private sectors.
- Currently, 748 Institutions are participating under the scheme.
- The objective of the scheme is:
- To engage the faculty and students of Higher Educational Institutions in understanding rural realities;
- Identify and select existing innovative technologies, enable customization of technologies, or devise implementation methods for innovative solutions, as required by people; and
- To allow Higher Educational Institutions to contribute to devising systems for smooth implementation of various Government Programs.
Unnat Bharat Abhiyan
- This is an HRD Ministry initiative launched in 2014 with the two-fold aim to provide rural India with professional resource support from institutes of higher education in the field of STEM
- And Building institutional capacity in Institutes of higher education in research & training relevant to the needs of rural India
- This programme will be launched in collaboration with the Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT), Indian Institutes of Science Education & Research (IISERs) and the National Institutes of Technology (NITs) throughout the country
- Each IIT/NIT/IISER will identify 10 villages in its neighbourhood and work out technologies to solve the most pressing issues of the region
- Various teams from these institutes will visit the villages, identify problems and then aim to find financially-viable schemes.