Wildlife Conservation Efforts

Places in news: Godavari Estuary in Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary (CWS)


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Ramsar Convention, Coringa WLS

Mains level: Not Much

Godavari Estuary in Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary (CWS) is facing due ignorance despite meeting all nine criteria of Ramsar Convention.

Godavari Estuary

  • The estuary, including 235.70 sq. km Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary (CWS), is one of the rarest eco-regions on the earth.
  • It is also home to India’s second-largest mangrove cover after the Sundarbans.
  • The CWS is inhabited by 115 endangered fishing cats (Prionailurus viverrinus), Olive Ridley turtles, Indian smooth-coated otter, and saltwater crocodiles.

What are the nine criteria laid out by Ramsar Convention?

  • Criterion 1: “it contains a representative, rare, or unique example of a natural or near-natural wetland type found within the appropriate biogeographic region.”
  • Criterion 2: “it supports vulnerable, endangered, or critically endangered species or threatened ecological communities.”
  • Criterion 3: “it supports populations of plant and/or animal species important for maintaining the biological diversity of a particular biogeographic region.”
  • Criterion 4: “it supports plant and/or animal species at a critical stage in their life cycles, or provides refuge during adverse conditions.”
  • Criterion 5: “it regularly supports 20,000 or more waterbirds.”
  • Criterion 6: “it regularly supports 1% of the individuals in a population of one species or subspecies of waterbird.”
  • Criterion 7: “it supports a significant proportion of indigenous fish subspecies, species or families, life-history stages, species interactions and/or populations that are representative of wetland benefits and/or values and thereby contributes to global biological diversity.”
  • Criterion 8: “it is an important source of food for fishes, spawning ground, nursery and/or migration path on which fish stocks, either within the wetland or elsewhere, depend.”
  • Criterion 9: “it regularly supports 1% of the individuals in a population of one species or subspecies of wetland-dependent non-avian animal species.”

Back2Basics: Ramsar Convention

  • The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (better known as the Ramsar Convention) is an international agreement promoting the conservation and wise use of wetlands.
  • It is the only global treaty to focus on a single ecosystem.
  • The convention was adopted in the Iranian city of Ramsar in 1971 and came into force in 1975.
  • Traditionally viewed as a wasteland or breeding ground of disease, wetlands actually provide fresh water and food and serve as nature’s shock absorber.
  • Wetlands, critical for biodiversity, are disappearing rapidly, with recent estimates showing that 64% or more of the world’s wetlands have vanished since 1900.
  • Major changes in land use for agriculture and grazing, water diversion for dams and canals, and infrastructure development are considered to be some of the main causes of loss and degradation of wetlands.


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2 years ago

Civilsdaily team आपका यह प्रयास सराहनीय है दैनिक समसामयिकी को लेकर। चूंकि आपका ये सब कंटेंट इंग्लिश में होता है जो कि हिंदी माध्यम का छात्र होने के नाते हमें उसका हिंदी समझने में कठिनाइयां होती रहती है । चूंकि अंततः एक अच्छी जानकारी और उत्तर – लेखन के लिए मुझे हिंदी भाषा में ही सब तरह से बेहतर होना है और इसमें सहज भी हूं। अतः आपसे नम्र निवेदन है कि कृपा कर ये दैनिक समसामयिक को हिंदी में भी देने की एक नई पहल करें। मुझे आपकी हर कंटेंट काफी लाभदायक और रमणीय लगता है लेकिन अंततः मुझे ‘काश ये हिंदी में भी होता’ जैसी इंग्लिश में लिखी कंटेंट को पढ़ने के बावजूद निराशा में डूबना पड़ता है हर दिन। आशा कि एक पुल आपसे बांध रहा हूं , कृपा कर मेरे इस सुझाव को स्वीकार कर जल्द ही अपना प्रतिक्रिया दें।।।

धन्यवाद !!


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