Wildlife Conservation Efforts

Places in news: ‘Mini Kaziranga’

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Pobitora WLS, Kaziranga NP

Mains level : Rhino protection measures

Too many cattle are robbing the one-horned rhinos of Assam’s Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary, referred to as ‘Mini Kaziranga’ for similar features, of their nutritious food.

Try this PYQ:

Q. Consider the following statements:

  1. Asiatic lion is naturally found in India only.
  2. Double-humped camel is naturally found in India only.
  3. One-horned rhinoceros is naturally found in India only.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

About Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Pobitora WLS is located on the southern bank of the Brahmaputra in Morigaon district in Assam.
  • It was declared in 1987 and covers 38.85 km2 (15.00 sq mi), providing grassland and wetland habitat for the Indian rhinoceros.
  • It provides a habitat and food resource for the Indian rhinoceros, hosting Assam’s second-largest population.
  • Other mammals occurring in the sanctuary are golden jackal, wild boar and feral water buffalo.
  • Barking deer, Indian leopard and rhesus macaque live foremost in the hilly parts. It is an Important Bird Area and home for more than 2000 migratory birds and various reptiles.

Why in news?

  • Pobitora is running a successful Rhino breeding program within its sanctuary.
  • It is running under the government as “Indian Rhino vision 2020”.

Back2Basics: Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve

  • The KNTPR is a national park in the Golaghat, Karbi Anglong and Nagaon districts of the state of Assam.
  • The sanctuary, which hosts two-thirds of the world’s great one-horned rhinoceroses, is a World Heritage Site.
  • Kaziranga is home to the highest density of tigers among protected areas in the world and was declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006 (now the highest tiger density is in Orang National Park, Assam).
  • The park is home to large breeding populations of elephants, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer.
  • It is also recognized as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International for the conservation of avifaunal species.
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