Wildlife Conservation Efforts

Places in news: Sultanpur National Park


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Sultanpur National Park

Mains level: NA

Homestays would soon be allowed in the villages around Sultanpur National Park in Gurugram to promote tourism and provide an opportunity for the visitors to catch a glimpse of rural life in Haryana.

Sultanpur National Park

  • Sultanpur NP is located at Sultanpur village on Gurugram-Jhajjar highway, 15 km from Gurugram, Haryana and 50 km from Delhi.
  • It was a bird sanctuary, ideal for birding and bird lookers. Its area covers approximately 142.52 hectares.
  • Migratory birds start arriving in the park in September. Birds use the park as a resting place till the following March-April.
  • During summer and monsoon months the park is inhabited by many local bird species.
  • In April 1971, the Sultanpur Jheel inside the park (an area of 1.21 sq. km.) was accorded Sanctuary status under section 8 of the Punjab Wildlife Preservation Act of 1959.
  • The status of the park was upgraded to National Park under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 in July 1991.

Why must we remember it?

  • It is one of the few NPs in the small state of Haryana.
  • Another NP in Haryana is Kalesar National Park.

Important Fauna at the Park

  • Mammals: BlackbuckNilgai, Hog deer, Sambar, Leopard etc.
  • Birds: Siberian CranesGreater Flamingo, Demoiselle Crane etc.


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