Mains Paper 2: Polity | Parliament & State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges & issues arising out of these
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Private member’s bill, Parliamentary procedures related to passing of bills
Mains level: Various provisions in constitution to empower democracy
- A Member of Parliament has recently said that he would bring a Private Member Bill in the Lok Sabha for the construction of a Temple.
Private member’s bill
- Members of Parliament other than ministers are called private members and bills presented by them are known as private member’s bills.
- A private member bill can be introduced by both ruling party and opposition MPs.
- They can introduce a bill in the parliament after giving prior notice of one month.
- The bill needs to be passed in both houses of parliament.
- Once passed in both the houses, bill needs to get assent of the president to become an act.
- By set tradition, President can easily exercise his absolute veto power against such bills.
- In Lok Sabha, the last two and a half hours of a sitting on every Friday are generally allotted for transaction of “Private Members’ Business”, i.e., Private Members’ Bills and Private Members’ Resolutions.