Water Management – Institutional Reforms, Conservation Efforts, etc.

Providing clean water to all


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Jal Jeevan Mission

Mains level : commendable progress in addressing rural water needs

4 Ways to Provide Clean Water | Healing Waters International


Central Idea: The Jal Jeevan Mission, launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2019, has made significant strides in providing tap water to rural households in India, with a focus on addressing diverse regional challenges. The mission aims to ensure clean water access to every rural household, promoting health, hygiene, and overall well-being. The approach is characterized by a commitment to inclusivity, community involvement, and sustainable development.

Key Highlights:

  • Tap water provided to 73% of rural households, benefiting over 14 crore households.
  • Diverse strategies employed, including insulated pipes, multi-village schemes, and community water purification plants.
  • Notable improvements observed in areas such as reduced migration, minimized human-animal conflicts, and revived celebratory events.
  • Impact extends beyond clean water provision to encompass safety, health, and environmental benefits.
  • Studies indicate potential reduction in infant deaths, prevention of diarrhoeal deaths, and significant economic savings.

Key Challenges:

  • Infrastructural challenges due to diverse terrains and geographical variations.
  • Customizing solutions for different regional needs.
  • Ensuring sustainability and community involvement in the long term.

Key Terms:

  • Jal Jeevan Mission: Government initiative aimed at providing tap water to rural households.
  • Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas, Sabka Vishwas aur Sabka Prayas: Guiding principle emphasizing inclusive development.
  • Nal Jal Mitra: Initiative empowering villagers with skills for maintaining water supply systems.

Key Phrases:

  • “No one is left behind”: Core theme emphasizing inclusivity.
  • “Elixir of life”: Reference to the importance of water for well-being.

Key Quotes:

  • “The growth story of the Jal Jeevan Mission is not confined to data; changes can be seen on the ground.”
  • “True development is not just about infrastructure; it is about bringing in a sense of community.”

Key Statements:

  • The mission focuses on long-term, regular access to quality water for every rural household.
  • Community involvement, especially of women and youth, is integral to the mission’s success.

Key Examples and References:

  • Kyarkuli Bhatta in Uttarakhand, Kusumdih in Jharkhand, and Chandpur in Maharashtra cited as examples of positive changes due to the mission.
  • Studies by Dr. Michael Kremer and the World Health Organization provide evidence of the mission’s positive impact.

Critical Analysis:

The Jal Jeevan Mission has made commendable progress in addressing rural water needs. The tailored approach to diverse challenges, inclusion of communities, and the focus on holistic development contribute to its success. Continuous monitoring, transparency, and data-driven decision-making are strengths. Challenges lie in sustaining community involvement and ensuring long-term infrastructure stability.

Way Forward:

  • Continue prioritizing community involvement and inclusivity.
  • Strengthen monitoring mechanisms for long-term sustainability.
  • Emphasize skill development for rural communities to ensure self-reliance in maintaining water supply systems.
  • Explore innovative solutions for regions with unique challenges.

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