Wildlife Conservation Efforts

Rhino reintroduction a hit in Assam Reserves

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Indian Rhino

Mains level : Not Much

The one-horned rhinos of western Assam’s Manas National Park, bordering Bhutan, are expected to have high life expectancy and significant growth in population, the 14th Assam rhino estimation census has revealed.

Indian Rhino

  • The Indian rhinoceros also called the greater one-horned rhinoceros and great Indian rhinoceros is a rhinoceros native to the Indian subcontinent.
  • It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List and Schedule I animal in the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
  • It once ranged across the entire northern part of the Indian Subcontinent, along the Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra River basins, from Pakistan to the Indian-Myanmar border.
  • Poaching for rhinoceros horn became the single most important reason for the decline of the Indian rhino.

Why in news?

  • The 14th Rhino Population Estimation / Census in Kaziranga National Park counted at least 2613 rhinos including calves, a jump of exactly 200 rhinos since the last census conducted in 2018.
  • Then at least 2413 Rhinos were counted in the national park.

Threats to Rhinos

  • Ground rhino horn is used in traditional Chinese medicine to cure a range of ailments, from cancer to hangovers, and also as an aphrodisiac.
  • In Vietnam, possessing a rhino horn is considered a status symbol.
  • Due to demand in these countries, poaching pressure on rhinos is ever persistent against which one cannot let the guard down.

Various protection moves

  • A rhino reintroduction programme under the Indian Rhino Vision 2020 was started in 2006.
  • This entailed the translocation of rhinos from Kaziranga National Park and Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary besides orphans hand-reared at the Centre for Wildlife Rehabilitation and Conservation at Kaziranga.

Try this PYQ:

Q. Consider the following statements:

  1. Asiatic lion is naturally found in India only.
  2. Double-humped camel is naturally found in India only.
  3. One-horned rhinoceros is naturally found in India only.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

Post your answers here.
8
Please leave a feedback on thisx

(Note: Comment feature is not available on the app.)

 

 

UPSC 2023 countdown has begun! Get your personal guidance plan now! (Click here)

Subscribe
Notify of
8 Comments
Oldest
Newest Most Voted
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
AKASH SHARMA
AKASH SHARMA
3 months ago
Post your answers here." Read more »

d

Vivek Yadav
Vivek Yadav
3 months ago
Post your answers here." Read more »

C

satyam singh
satyam singh
3 months ago
Post your answers here." Read more »

C

Shubham Singh
Shubham Singh
3 months ago
Post your answers here." Read more »

A

arshi ahmad
arshi ahmad
3 months ago
Post your answers here." Read more »

option A is correct.

because greater one honored rhino is not naturally found in india but also found in southern neapl

Tushar Bedi
Tushar Bedi
3 months ago
Post your answers here." Read more »

C

Moazzam Hassan
Moazzam Hassan
3 months ago
Post your answers here." Read more »

a

Gellert Grindelwald
Gellert Grindelwald
3 months ago
Post your answers here." Read more »

c