Forest Conservation Efforts – NFP, Western Ghats, etc.

Sikkim is home to 27% of India’s flowering plants

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Flora of Sikkim

Mains level : NA

Sikkim, the smallest State with less than 1% of India’s landmass, is home to 27% of all flowering plants found in the country, reveals a recent publication by the Botanical Survey of India (BSI).

Flora of Sikkim

  • Flora of Sikkim – A Pictorial Guide lists 4,912 naturally occurring flowering plants in the tiny Himalayan State.
  • The total number of naturally occurring flowering plants in the country is about 18,004 species, and with 4,912 species, the diversity of flowering plants in Sikkim, spread over an area of 7,096 sq. km. is very unique.

Why is Sikkim a host to such large biodiversity?

  • Sikkim is a part of the Kanchenjunga biosphere landscape, has different altitudinal ecosystems, which provide opportunities for herbs and trees to grow and thrive.
  • The State also borders China, Bhutan and Nepal, and the Darjeeling Hills of West Bengal.
  • From subalpine vegetation to the temperate to the tropical, the State has different kinds of vegetation, and that is the reason for such a diversity of flora.
  • The elevation also varies between 300 to 8,598 metres above mean sea level, the apex being the top of Mt. Kanchenjunga (8,586 metres).

Contribution by the Public

  • The people of Sikkim have a unique bond with nature and trees.
  • As per the Sikkim Forest Tree (Amity & Reverence) Rules, 2017 the State government allows any person to associate with trees standing on his or her private land or on any public land by entering into a Mith/Mit or Mitini relationship.
  • The notification encouraged people to adopt a tree “as if it was his or her own child in which case the tree shall be called an adopted tree”.

Answer this PYQ in the comment box:

Q.Which one of the following National Parks lies completely in the temperate alpine zone?

(a) Manas National Park

(b) Namdapha National Park

(c) Neora Valley National Park

(d) Valley of Flowers National Park

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UPSC MOLUTTY
UPSC MOLUTTY
1 year ago

D. Valley of Flowers National Park